Course code MākZ1005

Credit points 6

Philosophy, Culture and Art

Additional course materials LAIS_2020_FILO_KULT_UN_MAKSLA.doc

Total Hours in Course162

Number of hours for lectures32

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes32

Independent study hours98

Date of course confirmation16.02.2016

Responsible UnitInstitute of Mechanics and Design

Course developers

author Sociālo un humanitāro zinātņu institūts

Juris Vuguls

Dr. phil.

author lect.

Silvija Reihmane

Mg. paed.

Course abstract

Students acquire knowledge of the history of philosophy and contemporary problems of philosophy – focus on problems of aesthetics and philosophy of art. In course students are developing skills while analyzing main philosophical problems as well as skills of group work and communication. In addition to lectures the course includes discussions in seminars and presentations of student’s papers.

Cultural and art part of the plea is to understand the products design types of cultural and art development over time and art style presentation of product design. Students are involved in cultural and contemporary product design style of research, evaluation and exploration. Acting individually and in pairs at work, students acquire new knowledge and skills for further professional activity in today's multicultural society.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: The study course gives enlarged understanding of the main development periods of philosophy; knowledge of the main paradigms, philosophical ideas and concepts. General knowledge of the human, personality, its values and positions in the changing world. Assessment – test.
Skills: The materials and approaches in this study course are helping to achieve skills for seeing problems in their wider contexts; are forming general learning skills; developing critical thinking and ability to make independent and decent judgments. This course is providing students with skills of listening, dialogue formulation and communication. Assessment – personal work in seminars and attendance of lectures.
Competences: The purpose of this course is to enlarge and develop necessary professional, social and reflectional competences; develop competences of understanding and discussing general philosophical problems and themes on which main controversial paradigms in modern society are built. Assessment – independent works, test with a mark.
Cultural and art:
knowledge – understand the cultural development and artistic styles in different stages of human development from antiquity to postmodernism, understand the philosophical and aesthetic ideas in works of art in Europe and Latvian. Assessment – personal work in seminars and attendance of lectures;
skills - able to critically analyze, synthesize and evaluate art style application product design, cultural and artistic role of knowledge in the cultural aesthetics of the development of projects, work in groups and demonstrate IT skills of independent work in the development. Assessment – personal work in seminars and attendance of lectures;
competence – the ability to define and explain the cultural and artistic styles of design-related terms; the ability to use their own knowledge and skills in product design aesthetic and philosophical justification for the establishment; ability to work in a team to actively contributing to the group designing a solution; ability to provide clear and sound presentations. Assessment – independent works, test with a mark.

Course Content(Calendar)

Full time intramural studies:
1. Definition of philosophy, objects of philosophy. (1 lecture; 1 seminar)
2. Methods of philosophical thinking. (1 lecture; 1 seminar)
3. Main peculiarities and problems of philosophical thinking. (1 lecture)
4. Origins of philosophical thinking – existential marginal situations, secret of death, wondering. (1 lecture; 2 seminars)
5. Main branches of philosophy. (1 lecture)
6. Ontology. (1 lecture)
7. Epistemology. (1 lecture; 1 seminar)
8. Logics. (1 lecture; 1 seminar)
9. Philosophy of religion. (1 lecture; 1 seminar)
10. Ethics. Defining of ethics. Object of ethics research. (2 lectures)
11. Reflection about essence of human and reflection about essence of personality.
(1 lecture; 4 seminars)
12. Aesthetics. Defining of aesthetics. Object of Aesthetics research. (1 lecture; 1 seminar)
13. Essence of beautiful, wonderful, noble. (1 lecture; 2 seminars)
14. Main problems of aesthetics. Otherness. Philosophy of dialogue. (1 lecture)
15. Modern problems of aesthetics. (1 lecture)
16. Presentation of independent work. (2 seminars)

Culture and Art
1. Art of Primary Culture (1 lecture, 1 seminar).
Seminar: Primary art style in modern product design.
2. Egyptian culture and art (1 lecture, 1 seminar).
Seminar: Ancient Egyptian art style in modern product design.
3. Ancient culture and art. (2 lectures, 1 seminar)
3.1. Ancient Greece.
3.2. Ancient Rome.
Seminar: Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman art style in modern product design.
4. Medieval culture and art (5th - 15th centuries). (2 lectures, 1 seminar)
Byzantine culture. Pre-Romanesque. Romance. Gothic.
Seminar: Medieval art style in modern product design.
5. Renaissance culture and art. (1 lecture, 1 seminar). Italian Renaissance. Northern Renaissance.
Seminar: Renaissance art style in modern product design.
6. 17th and 18th centuries culture and art.
6.1. Baroque style of the 17th century. (1 lecture, 1 seminar)
Seminar: Baroque art style in modern product design.
6.2. Rococo style 18th century. France, Russia, England. (1 lecture, 1 seminar).
Seminar: Rococo art style in modern product design.
6.3. Art of realism. Classicist art. Empire. (1 lecture, 1 seminar)
Seminar: Realism, classicism, empire art styles in modern product design
7. 19th century. culture and art: (1 lecture, 1 seminar).
7.1.Biedermeier style. Romanticism. Realism.
Seminar: Romantic art and Biedermeier style in modern product design.
7.2. Transition to modernism (19th century): (1 lecture, 1 seminar).
Impressionism. Symbolism. Post-Impressionism. Art Nouveau.
Seminar: Art Nouveau art style in modern product design.
8. 20th century. modernist era: (1 lecture, 1 seminar). Fauvism. Expressionism. Cubism. Futurism. Dadaism. Surrealism.
9. Directions of the postmodern era (20th, 21st centuries): (1 lecture, 1 seminar). Expressive Abstractionism. Geometric abstractionism. Opart (optical art). Pop Art. Photorealism. Environmental Art. Installations. Performances. The concept art. Functionalism and Internationalism in Architecture.
10. Metamodernism (1 lecture, 1 seminar)
11. Nowaday trends and artists in product design. (1 lecture, 1 seminar)

Part time extramural studies:

All topics specified for full time studies are accomplished, but the number of contact hours is one half of the number specified in the calendar

Requirements for awarding credit points

Accumulative assessment in 10 ball system:
Work in seminars – 10%, independent works (essays) – 20%, attendance of lectures 20%, test – 20%, exam – 30%.
Automatic assessment is possible when mark in all positions (till exam) not less than 7 (good).
Culture and art:
Accumulative assessment in 10-point system consists of: attendance of lectures, execution of worksheets, independent works 100% all, presentation of independent work in seminars.
Final result: The arithmetic mean of the summative assessment of the Philosophical section and of the Culture and Arts section

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

During the studies, the student prepares and submits 3 tasks in printed form:
1. Essay on philosophical ideas in art or documental movies, for example, “Fight Club”.
2. Essay on some philosophical (ethical, aesthetical) aspect of Buddhism koans or Plato’s or Descartes philosophy.
3. Essay on some problematic aspect of aesthetics or art philosophy.
Culture and art:
Independent work in presentation form for each seminar.
Independent works of seminars - presentations on:
1. Primary art style in product design.
2. Egyptian art style in product design.
3. Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman art style in product design.
4. Medieval (Byzantine, pre-Romanesque, Romanesque, Gothic) art style in product design.
5. Renaissance art style in product design.
6. 17th century Baroque style in product design.
7. 18th century Rococo style in product design.
8. 18. gs.b. - 19th century start. Styles of realism, classicism and empire art in product design.
9. 18th century. b. - 19th century Romanticism and Biedermeier style in product design.
10. 19. gs.b. - 20th century start. Art Nouveau product design.
11. Trends of modern art in product design.
12. Directions of postmodern art in product design
13. Metamodernism in product design.
14. Nowaday trends in product design.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Independent work is assessed according to the quality requirements of compliance with the task.
Discussions are judged by engagement, ability to reasonably argue and discuss issues related to study topics.
Main focus in assessment of independent and discussion tasks – development of individual critical, philosophical thinking and elements of independent thinking.

Culture and art:
Independent work is assessed according to the requirements of the quality of fulfillment of the task, respect of attitude, deadlines, is/ not presented at the seminar.

Compulsory reading

1. Kūle M. Kūlis R. Filosofija. - R., 1998. - 656 lpp.
2. Kenny A. A New History of Western Philosophy. Oxford University Press, 2010., pg. 1058.
ISBN 978-0-19-958988-3
3. Praktiskā filosofija. - Jelgava, LLU, 2008 – 549 lpp.
4. Apsīte L. Rietumeiropas filozofija - R.: Zvaigzne ABC, 2000. - 267 lpp.
Kultūra un māksla:
1. Blūma D.,b.g. Mazā mākslas vēstures terminu vārdnīca. - R.: Zvaigzne ABC.
2. Blūma D., Gorkins N. Pasaules kultūras vēsture. – “Pētergailis” , 2003.
3. Celma J., Fedosejeva I. Estētika: Estētisko ideju vēsture Eiropā. R.: Zvaigzne ABC, 2000.
4. Cielava Sk. Vispārīgā mākslas vēsture 1., 2., 3., 4.daļa. - R.: Zvaigzne ABC, 1998., 1999., 2002., 2004.
5. Čārlza V., Menka D., u.c. Ģēniju 1000 gleznas. - R.: Zvaigzne ABC.
6. Freiberga E. Estētika, mūsdienu estētikas skices. R.: Zvaigzne ABC,2000.
7. Freimanis I. Laiki, laikmeti, mode. R.:Madris,1998.
8. Gombrihs E.H. Mākslas vēsture.-R.: Zvaigzne ABC,1997.
9. Gorkins N., Blūma D., Latvijas kultūras vēsture. - “Pētergailis”. 2002.
10. Ikšelis B. Ceļojums mākslas pasaulē. R.: Zvaigzne ABC,2011.
11. Kačalova T., Pētersons R., Māksla vēstures pamati. - R.: Zvaigzne ABC. 2005.
12. Kincāns V. Estētikas pamati. R:, LU, 2003.
13. Mazā mākslas enciklopēdija. Virzieni un stili 1.-20 broš. R.: Latvijas enciklopēdija.1994;95;96;97;98.
14. Mākslas un kultūras vārdnīca. Zvaigzne ABC, 2011.
15. Metamodernist//Manifesto pieejams:

Further reading

1. Celma J., Fedosejeva I. Estētika. Zvaigzne ABC, 2000., 132 lpp.
2. Freiberga E. Estētika. Mūsdienu estētikas skices. Zvaigzne ABC, 2000., 136 lpp.
3. Airaksinens T. Filosofijas pamati vidusskolai. Rīga, Zvaigzne ABC 2001. -136 lpp.
Kultūra un māksla:
1. Arhitektūra un dizains. Rakstu krājums.-R.:Avots,1985.
2. Aristotelis. Poētika.-R.: J.Rozes apg. ,2008.
3. Bārda Fr. Raksti. 1.sēj.:Apceres par filozofiju un estētiku.-R.:Liesma,1991. 37.-42.lpp.
4. Belmane A. No Leonardo līdz Pikaso.-R.:Zvaigzne,1991.
5. Bēms R. Apceres par Latvijas mākslu simt gados.R.:Zinātne, 1984.
6. Bodrijārs Ž. Simulakri un simulācija. R. Omnia mea 2000. – 157.lpp.
7. Cahoone, Lawrence (ed.), 2003, From Modernism to Postmodernism: An Anthology, 2nd Edition, London: Blackwell Publishing, Ltd.
8. Cittautu mākslas vēsture-2 sēj.-R.:Liesma,1965.,1968.
9. Didro Denī. Ramo brāļadēls.-R.:Zvaigzne,1985.
10. Gēte I.V. Poēzija un īstenība.-R.:Liesma,1976.
11. Habermas, Jürgen, 1987 [1985], The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity, Frederick Lawrence (trans.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
12. Hābermāss I.Modernisms//Grāmata.-R.:Liesma,1992.-20.-28.lpp.
13. Izdevumu sērija "Latvijas arhitektūras un mākslas pieminekļi". - Rīga., Zinātne, 90.gadi.
14. Jauss H.R. Toward an Aesthetic of Reception. -Brighton, 1982.
15. Kačalova T., Pētersons R. Mākslas vēstures pamati- 2.daļa.R.:Zvaigzne, 1997.
16. Kamī A. Sirreālisms un revolūcija//Grāmata-R.:Liesma,1991.53.-58.lpp.
17. Kamings R. Lielie meistari. R.: Zvaigzne ABC,2000.
18. Karnegī D. Kā priecāties par dzīvi un darbu.-R.:Zvaigzne,1991.
19. Laikraksts "Literatūra. Māksla. Mēs".
20. Lancmanis I. Jelgavas pils. R.:Zinātne,2006.
21. Lancmanis I. Rundāles pils.-R.:Zvaigzne,1994.
22. Lessings G.E. Lāokoonts, jeb par glezniecības un poēzijas robežām.-R.:Zvaigzne,1986.
23. Liotārs Ž.F. Postmodernais stāvoklis. Pārskats par zināšanām. R. Laikmetīgās mākslas centrs. 2008. – 183 lpp.
24. Mākslas darbs un komentārs. Estētikas burtnīca Nr. 2, R: Latvijas estētikas asociācija, 2001.
25. Merķelis G. Vēstules kādai sievietei.-R.:Zvaigzne,1991.
26. Ortega I Gasets. Mākslas dehumanizācija //Grāmata.-R.:Liesma,1991.55.-58.lpp.
27. Priedītis A. Kultūras teorija un kultūras vēsture. Daugavpils, „A.K.A.” 2003.
28. Romantisms un neoromantisms Latvijas mākslā. Materiāli mākslas vēsturei. R.: Zvaigzne ABC,1998.
29. Štukenbroka K., Tepere B. 1000 šedevru Eiropas glezniecībā 1300-1850. R.: J.Rozes apg., 2007.
30. Taylor, Victor E., and Winquist, Charles E., 2001, Encyclopedia of Postmodernism, London: Routledge.
31. Vipers B. Latvijas māksla baroka laikmetā.-R.:Valters un Rapa,1937.

Periodicals and other sources

1. žurnāls "Kentaurs"
2. žurnāls "Rīgas Laiks"
3. Satori:
Kultūra un māksla:
1. Žurnāls “Pastaiga”. ISSN 1407-3277
2. Žurnāls "Studija. Māksla Plus".
3. Zurnāls “DEKO”
4. Timotheus Vermeulen, Robin van den Akker. Notes on metamodernism. Journal of AESTHETICS&CULTURE, vol.2, 2010. pieejams: