Course code BūvZ3105

Credit points 1.50

Soil Mechanics and Foundations II

Total Hours in Course40

Number of hours for lectures8

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes8

Independent study hours24

Date of course confirmation10.03.2021

Responsible UnitInstitute of Civil Engineering and Wood Processing

Course developer

author Būvniecības un kokapstrādes institūts

Guntis Andersons

Dr. sc. ing.

Prior knowledge

BūvZ3104, Soil Mechanics and Foundations I

Course abstract

The course explores shallow, pile and deep foundations; their applications to buildings, engineering structures and technological equipment; foundation and subbase soil design principles; specifics of foundation renovation design; optimisation of foundation solutions and the use of software in foundation design. Software MS Excel, and GEO5 is used in the design.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: of stress detection methods in basement and basement calculation methods. Attendance of lectures, oral examination. Skills: perform foundation construction and basement strength and deformation calculations, in accordance with the Eurocode 7 methodology. The skills are evaluated in practical works and calculation paper. Competence: ability to rationally choose foundation construction and calculation method, according to loading, operational conditions and geotechnical conditions of basement. Examination (written and oral).

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Foundation classification. Foundation design. Latvian building standards and Eurocode. (1h)
2. Determination of foundation depth and the influencing factors of foundation depth.(1h)
3. Shallow foundations; constructions and applications.Geotechnical design of foundations (1h)
4. Determination of load calculated values; determination of basement strength and deformations.(1h)
5. Pile foundations; classification and structures. Retaining walls.(1h)
6. Design of pile foundation according to load carrying capacity and deformations, influence of negative friction.(1h)
7. Artificially improved basement; the application of geosynthetic materials. (1h)
8. Foundation design on artificial basement. (1h)
9. Deep foundations; classification, structural solutions, applications and load carrying capacity. (1h)
10. Foundation calculation and structural solutions, considering horizontal loads. (1)
11. Foundation of machinery and equipment, dynamical impact on foundations.Foundation in seismic areas (1h)
12. Mutual impact of nearby foundations (1h)
13. Foundation design in soils with unstable structure (1h)
14. The principle of foundation thermal design. The use of software in foundation design. (1h)
15. The foundation design of rebuildable buildings (1h)
16. The optimization of the constructive foundation solutions. Discussion on the gained knowledge, skills and competence. (1h)

Requirements for awarding credit points

Completed and handed in two written calculation papers in the department; passed test and examination. The course project - BūvZ3106 Gruntsmehānika un pamati III and calculation paper has to be passed before the examination.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

1. calculation paper: The impact of negative friction on pile foundations.
2. calculation paper: Foundation project on artificial subbase soil.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

The ability of student to attest his/her knowledge and skills in the calculation papers (answering control questions); the ability of student to attest his/her knowledge, skills and competences in examination.

Compulsory reading

1. Bitainis A., Rosihins J. Praktiskā gruntsmehānika: Mācību līdzeklis augstskolu celtniecības specialitātes studentiem. Rīga: Zvaigzne, 1985. 299 lpp. 2. Barnes G. Soil mechanics: principles and practice. 3rd ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 549 p. 3. Moler G. Geotechnik. Grundbau. Berlin: Ernst & Sohn, 2006. 498 p. 4. Далматов Б.И. Механика грунтов, основания и фундаменты. Ленинград: Стройиздат, 1988. 414 c.

Further reading

1. Eirokodekss 7: Ģeotehniskā projektēšana 1.daļa: Vispārīgie noteikumi; [LVS EN 1997-1+AC:2004 (LV)]. 2. LBN 207-15 Ģeotehniskā projektēšana. 3. Eirokodekss 7: Ģeotehniskā projektēšana. 1.daļa: Vispārīgie noteikumi. Nacionālais pielikums [LVS EN 1997-1+AC:2014 (LV)]. 4. Baban T. M. Shallow foundations: discussions and problem solving. Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell, 2016., 736 p.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management. Lithuanian Academy of Sciences. ISSN 1392-3730. 2. Būvinženieris: Latvijas Būvinženieru savienības izdevums. Rīga: Latvijas Būvinženieru savienība. ISSN 1691-9262. 3. Latvijas Būvniecība. ISSN 11691 - 4058.


Compulsory Course in Professional Bachelor’s study programme “Civil Engineering” and Second level professional higher educational programme “Civil Engineering”