Course code Vete4110

Credit points 3

Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Total Hours in Course81

Number of hours for lectures16

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes24

Independent study hours41

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author reserch

Ilmārs Dūrītis

Dr. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

Ķīmi3016, Organic Chemistry

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete4036, General Pathology I

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Clinical diagnosis study gives students acquire following subjects: General, special and additional diagnostic methods of animal clinical examination; Practical skills to use diagnostic methods, according clinical examination scheme; Knowledge’s of semiology and symptom pathogenesis; Veterinary laboratory methods (clinical pathology): haematology, clinical chemistry, urinalysis; discussion of laboratory data; Principles of differential diagnosis and path to diagnosis. At the end of the Laboratory Diagnosis students acquire knowledge and skills required in all clinical subjects.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

After completing the course student will have: Knowledge of: - clinical symptoms expression and development in different pathologies; animal fixation methods and clinical examination techniques; indications when to use additional clinical examination methods (inspection, auscultation, palpation, percussion); interpretation of laboratory test results in examination of different biological substrates (blood, urine, feces, expectoration, etc.). Knowledge is evaluated in colloquia on each subject block
Skills to: - obtain anamnesis of the patient, use general examination methods (inspection, palpation, auscultation, percussion) to carry out clinical examination of different species animals (horses, cows, pigs, goats, sheep, dogs, cats). Use animal fixation methods in order to examine specific organs or systems of organs, as well as perform necessary diagnostic manipulations (catheterization, tubing etc). Correctly obtain and store samples for laboratory diagnostic. Students' skills to investigate animals are evaluated during practical classes.
Competence to: recognize the symptoms; confirm the clinical diagnosis. The competence gained is evaluated during the practical classes during the discussions, as well as at the end of the study course, during the clinical case analysis.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Introduction. Symptoms and Diagnosis. Semiology. Investigation hygiene. Diagnostic errors. (2,5 h)
2. General clinical examination. Anamnesis. Habitus. (2,5 h)
3. Examination of skin. Symptoms. (2,5 h)
4. Felt / Feather examination. Symptoms. (2,5 h)
5. Body temperature. (2,5 h)
6. Arterial pulse. (2,5 h)
7. Examination of the head area, symptoms. (2,5 h)
8. Feed and water intake. Eating, thirst. Chewing and swallowing. (2,5 h)
9. Vomiting. Regurgitation. (2,5 h)
10. Examination of the lymph nodes, symptoms. (2,5 h)
11. Examination of the neck area, symptoms. (2,5 h)
12. Cough cough release. Larynx. Trachea. (2,5 h)
13. Chest examination, symptoms. (2,5 h)
14. Respiratory movements, symptoms. Dyspnea. (2,5 h)
15. Lung examination, lung auscultation, symptoms. (2,5 h)
16. Lung percussion, symptoms. (2,5 h)
Totall: 16 lectures, 24 practical works

Requirements for awarding credit points

All colloquiums (4) must be scored with a successful grade in order to get the final grade of the study course "passed".
Absence of practical work is not more than 30% of the total number of lessons. If missed practical works are more than 30% of the total number of lessons, then the course must be repeated.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Students are provided with access to e-learning materials. Throughout the semester, student practice are organized at the Veterinary Clinic, thus ensuring the theoretical knowledge is strengthened in practice, ensuring the acquisition of practical clinical skills.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Students' knowledge and skills are assessed in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point system scale indicated in the LLU Student Regulations. Colloquiums is evaluated in accordance with the 10 point system scale criteria indicated in the LLU Study Regulations. A compulsory precondition for successful completion of a course is to attend an on-call study at the Veterinary Clinic.

Compulsory reading

1. Jemeļjanovs Ļ., Manevičs Z., Dūrītis I. Dzīvnieku iekšķīgo slimību klīniskā diagnostika. Jelgava, 2007. 242 lpp 2. Jemeļjanovs Ļ., Dūrītis I., Beinerts J. Dzīvnieku iekšķīgo slimību laboratoriskā diagnostika. Jelgava, 2010. 95 lpp 3. Jemeļjanovs Ļ., Dūrītis I. Dzīvnieku klīniskā izmeklēšana. Jelgava, 2007 4. Latimer K.S., Mahaffey E.A., Prasse K.W. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine. Clinical pathology. 4th Edition. , USA: Blackwell, 2003. 450 p.

Further reading

1. Kahn M.C., Line S. The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2010 2. Meyer D., Harvey J.W. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine: Interpretation and Diagnosis. 3rd ed. 2004. 532 p 3. Baumgartner W. Klinische Propadeutik der Haus- und Heimtiere. Parey, 2009. 525 p.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Wiley Blackwel. ISSN: 1939-1676 2. The Veterinary Journal. ISSN 1090-0233


Compulsory course of study programme Veterinary medicine.