Course code Vete4099

Credit points 3

Small Animal Internal Medicine II

Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes60

Independent study hours60

Date of course confirmation23.02.2021

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author lect.

Kristīne Drevinska

Mg. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

Vete4036, General Pathology I

Vete4037, General Pathology II

Vete4098, Small Animal Internal Medicine I

Vete4105, Pharmacology, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology I

Vete4110, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete4111, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Vete4114, Anesthesiology and Emergency

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Small Animal Internal Medicine deal with diseases of organ systems: Cardiovascular disorders, Respiratory Disorders, Gastrointestinal disorders, Genitourinary disorders, Endocrine and metabolic disorders, Dermatological disorders, basics of Ophthalmology, Emergency and critical care in the small animal (dogs and cats) practice. Students acquire knowledges about the etiology of diseases, pathogenesis, clinical signs, the use of different diagnostic methods and treatment possibilities.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: basic knowledge about diseases of different organ systems, clinical signs, diagnostic tools and treatment – 4 tests
Skills: of getting anamnesis, evaluating of the clinical status of animal and choosing the appropriate diagnostic methods depending from clinical signs – laboratory works, independent work.

Competence: of diagnosing diseases and determing the appropriate treatment plan – laboratory works, independent work, KEGA

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Gastroenterology – 10 h lectures and 15 h laboratory works
1st test – gastroenterology
2. Diseases of urogenital system – 8 h lectures and 12 h laboratory works
2nd test – diseases of urogenital system
3. Cardiology – 4 h lectures and 6 h laboratory works
3rd test – cardiology
4. Introduction in Ophtalmology – 2 h lectures and 3 h laboratory works
4th test – ophtalmology

Requirements for awarding credit points

Successfully completed four tests, fulfilled independent works, successfully passed Clinical and epidemiological case analysis work (KEGA) and final exam.
Absence of lectures and practical works are not more than 30% of the total number of lessons. If unjustifiably missed lectures and laboratory works are more than 30% of the total number of lessons, then the course must be repeated.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Home works are evaluated in accordance with the tasks of the laboratory works.
Clinical and epidemiological case analysis work should be done during semester.
KEGA aims are to learn how to analyze real clinical case according to symptoms, results of diagnostic tests. Learn to make differential diagnosis and to interpret and analyse treatment plan. Students should compare real case with theoretical information.
Student should choose clinical case in Veterinary Clinic of LUA and match with veterinarian therapist. The analysis of a clinical case should be prepared methodically according to the rules developed by the LUA VMF Teaching Methodology Commission.
The analysis should include the following sections:
title page, introduction, description of the clinical case, theoretical part (using scientific and teaching material, specialized literature, not less than 5 sources), conclusions, recommendations, literature used. The theoretical part should include the following information:
1. Description of the disease, diagnosis, including the causes of the disease, aetiology, epizootiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnostics.
2. Comparison and analysis of information and clinical case available in literature.
3. Analysis of the Clinical Case Treatment Plan.
KEGA's work must be submitted to the lecturers before the end of theoretical studies (before practice). The deadline is determined by course manager.
KEGA are evaluated in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point system scale indicated in the LLU Study Regulations.
KEGA assessment is based on the following criteria:
1. Clinical Case Study, the ability critically evaluate the symptoms, results of diagnostic tests, diagnosis and treatment plan
2. A written KEGA work.

3.Submission of work before deadline.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Student skills are assessed in accordance with the procedures specified in the tasks of the laboratory works.
The study course tests are evaluated in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point system scale indicated in the LLU Study Regulations.
To take the examination, all tests must be successfully completed, independent/home works must be done, KEGA should be successfully evaluated.
The exam consists of:
1. Test questions,
2. Open questions,
3. Analysis of clinical cases.
The examination is evaluated in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point system scale indicated in the LLU Study Regulations. The lowest successful grade is given if 60% of all questions are correctly answered.
It is possible to get cumulative exam meeting the following requirements:
1. Absence of lectures and practical works are not more than 25% of the total number of lessons
2. Mean mark of tests are not less than 7 points
3. KEGA work is submitted before deadline and mark is 7 point or above.
4. Only one test can be rewrited to get better mark.

5. Student is actively involved in laboratory works, get involved in independent works and presentations of independent works results during laboratory works

Compulsory reading

1. Birchard S.J., Sherding R.G. Saunders Manual of Small Animal Practice. 3rd ed. Saunders Elsevier. 2006.
2. Bistner S.I., Ford R.B., Raffe M.R. Kirk and Bistner’s Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment W.B. Saunders Comp. 2000.
3. Bonagura J.D., Twedt D.C. Kirk’s Current Veterinary Therapy XV. Saunders Elsevier. 2014.
4. Ettinger S. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine – diseases of dog and cat W.B. Saunders comp. 7th ed. 2009.
5. Nelson R.W., Couto C.G. Small Animal Internal Medicine. Mosby, 5th ed.2014.
6. Silverstein D.C., Hopper K. Small Animal Critical Care Medicine. Second Edition Saunders Elsevier. 2015.
7. Tilley L.P., Smiths F.W.K. The 5 Minute Veterinary Consult. Second Edition Williams & Wilkins. 2000.

Further reading

1. Muller G. Kirk., R., Scott D. Small Animal Dermatology W.B. Saunders comp. 7th ed.2012.
2. Nelson R.W. Couto C.G. Essentials of Small Animal Medicine. Mosby year Book. 2000.
3. Plumb D.C. Plumb’s Veterinary Drug Handbook. 8th ed. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2015
4. Willard M.D., Tvedten H., Turnwald G.H. Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods. 5th ed. W.B.Saunders Company. 2011 ISSN:1939-1676.

5. Ettinger S.J., Feldman E.C., Cote E., Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine Expert Consult, 8th Edition, 2017

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, ISSN: 1939-1676
2. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Critical Care, ISSN: 1476-4431
3. The Veterinary Journal, ISSN 1090-0233


The distribution of topics among semesters and weeks can vary.Students will be informed about the changes. Compulsory subject in Veterinary medicine in 8th semester. Practicals in laboratory groups.