Course code Vete4098

Credit points 2

Small Animal Internal Medicine I

Total Hours in Course80

Number of hours for lectures40

Independent study hours40

Date of course confirmation23.02.2021

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author lect.

Kristīne Drevinska

Mg. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

Vete4036, General Pathology I

Vete4037, General Pathology II

Vete4105, Pharmacology, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology I

Vete4110, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete4111, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Vete4114, Anesthesiology and Emergency

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Small Animal Internal Medicine deal with diseases of organ systems: Cardiovascular disorders, Respiratory Disorders, Gastrointestinal disorders, Genitourinary disorders, Endocrine and metabolic disorders, Dermatological disorders, basics of Oftalmology, Emergencies and critical care in the small animal (dogs and cats) practice. Students acquire knowledges about the etiology of diseases, pathogenesis, clinical signs, the use of different diagnostic methods and treatment possibilities.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: basic knowledge about diseases of different organ systems, clinical signs, diagnostic tools and treatment – 8 tests
Skills of getting anamnesis, evaluating of the clinical status of animal and choosing the appropriate diagnostic methods depending from clinical signs – laboratory works, independent works
Competence of diagnosing diseases and determing the appropriate treatment plan – laboratory works, independent work.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Emergency and critical care – 3h lectures
1st test – Emergency and critical care
2. Diseases of respiratory system – 5h lectures
2nd test – Respiratory diseases
3. Endocrinology – 7h lectures
3rd test - Endocrinology
4. Dermatology – 5h lectures
4th test – Dermatological diseases
5.Gastroenterology -7h
5th test - Gastroenterology
6. Urogenital disease - 5h lecture
6th test - Urogenital disease
7. Cardiovascular disease - 5h lectures
7th test - Cardiovascular disease
8. Ophthalmology - 3h lectures

8th test - Ophthalmology

Requirements for awarding credit points

Successfully completed seven tests and individual tasks, in end of semester final test.
Absence of lectures and practical works are not more than 30% of the total number of lessons. If unjustifiably missed lectures and laboratory works are more than 30% of the total number of lessons, then the course must be repeated.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Home works are evaluated in accordance with the tasks of the laboratory works.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

The study course tests are evaluated in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point system scale indicated in the Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies Study Regulations.
To get the final test, all tests must be successfully completed and independent/home works must be done.

Compulsory reading

1. Birchard S.J., Sherding R.G. Saunders Manual of Small Animal Practice. 3rd ed. Saunders Elsevier. 2006.
2. Bistner S.I., Ford R.B., Raffe M.R. Kirk and Bistner’s Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment W.B. Saunders Comp. 2000.
3. Cote E. Clinical Veterinary Advisor Dogs and Cats. Mosby Inc. 2007.
4. Ettinger S. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine – diseases of dog and cat W.B. Saunders comp. 7th ed. 2009.
5. Nelson R.W., Couto C.G. Small Animal Internal Medicine . Mosby, 5th ed.2013.
6. Silverstein D.C., Hopper K. Small Animal Critical Care Medicine. Saunders Elsevier. 2009.
7. Tilley L.P., Smiths F.W.K. The 5 Minute Veterinary Consult . Williams & Wilkins. 2015.

Further reading

1. Muller G. Kirk., R., Scott D. Small Animal Dermatology W.B. Saunders comp. 7th ed.2012.
2. Nelson R.W. Couto C.G. Essentials of Small Animal Medicine. Mosby year Book. 2000.
3. Plumb D.C. Plumb’s Veterinary Drug Handbook. 8th ed. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2015
4. Willard M.D., Tvedten H., Turnwald G.H. Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods. 5th ed. W.B.Saunders Company. 2011 ISSN:1939-1676

5.Ettinger S.J., Feldman E.C., Cote E., Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine Expert Consult, 8th Edition, 2017

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, ISSN: 1939-1676.
2. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Critical Care, ISSN: 1476-4431.
3. The Veterinary Journal, ISSN 1090-0233



The distribution of topics among semesters and can vary.Students will be informed about the changes.
Compulsory subject in Veterinary medicine in 7th semester. Practicals in laboratory groups.