Course code Vete4077

Credit points 3

Radiology I

Total Hours in Course81

Number of hours for lectures16

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes24

Independent study hours41

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developers

author Klīniskais institūts

Armands Vekšins

Dr. med. vet.

author lect.

Evija Eihvalde

Mg. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete4110, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

The course deals with the use of ionizing radiation in veterinary medicine, with questions of radiation safety, with the construction and use of various diagnostic imaging devices, with the basics of X-ray examination and image interpretation.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: about ionizing radiation, sources of ionizing radiation used in veterinary medicine, basic principles and application of magnetic resonance and ultrasound; interpretation of examination results, preparation of descriptions. Assessment – two tests.
Skills: use of X-ray machines, ultrasound machines, computed tomography; use of dosimeters; prepare radiograph reports. Assessment during practical work.
Competence: understanding radiation protection issues, selecting the required diagnostic method, preparing a radiographic report. Assessment – two tests.

Course Content(Calendar)

The content of the course is divided into IV parts:
1. Part I. Introduction, overview of the course. History of radiology. Ionizing radiation. X-rays. Ionizing radiation - types, sources, measurement, use. Units of measurement for radioactivity, dose concepts and units of measurement. Use of X-rays for diagnosis. Radiation damage in the body, dosimetry. Principles of radiation protection, legislation. – 4 hours of lectures, 6 hours of laboratory work.
2. Part II: Construction of the X-ray machine, basics of X-ray formation. Invasive radiology – angiography, fluoroscopy, basics of radiotherapy. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance. Contrast medium procedures. 3 hours of lectures, 4 hours of laboratory work.
3. Part III: Basics of the interpretation of radiographs. Artifacts. General rules for preparing an animal for radiographic examination. Basics of preparation of radiographic reports. Anatomy of the various anatomical areas on radiographs. Radiographic examination of the spine. 5 hours of lectures, 8 hours of laboratory work.
4. Part IV Ultrasonography – Introduction, ultrasound, imaging. Ultrasound examination of domestic animals. Equine ultrasound. Ultrasound of farm animals – 4 hours lectures, 6 hours laboratory work.

Requirements for awarding credit points

Two written tests must be passed. The first test for parts I and II; the second test for parts III and IV.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Homework; learning resources for additional information provided by teaching staff.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Students' skills will be evaluated according to the sequence of lab assignments. Program tests will be graded according to the 10-point scale criteria. All tests must be completed to receive a final grade of "pass".

Compulsory reading

1. Thrall D.E. Textbook of Veterinary Diagnostic Radiology. 6th Edition. USA: Elsevier, 2013. 845 p.
2. Holloway A., McConnell. BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Radiography and Radiology. UK: British Small Animal veterinary Association, 2013. 392 p.

Further reading

1. Brien R., Barr F. BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Abdominal Imaging. UK: British Small Animal veterinary Association, 2012. 252 p.
2. Barr F., Kirberger R. BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Musculoskeletal Imaging. UK: British Small Animal veterinary Association, 2006. 286 p.
3. Clinical radiology of the horse. J.A. Butler ... [et al.]. 3rd ed. Oxford, UK; Ames, Iowa: Willey-Blackwell, 2008. 748 p.

Periodicals and other sources

LLU Fundamentālās bibliotēkas datu bāzes


Compulsory course of study program Veterinary medicine, 6th semester. Seminars is in academic groups.