Course code Vete4022

Credit points 1.50

Large Animal Surgery II

Total Hours in Course60

Number of hours for lectures10

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes20

Independent study hours30

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author lect.

Nauris Laizāns

Master's study programme(līm.)

Prior knowledge

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete4018, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Vete4085, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete4105, Pharmacology, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology I

Vete4112, Surgery Techniques and Topographical Anatomy I

Vete4113, Surgery Techniques and Topographical Anatomy II

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Large animal surgery II deals with of horses a concise, practical and systematic review to etiology and pathogenesis, diagnostic and differential diagnostic properties of the diseases and they treatment in all parts and tissues of large animal body.
Looks at the anatomy of the feet and phalanges, position, animal hoof care and examination, hoof diseases.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: Horse diseases in surgical diagnosis, theoretical and practical knowledge of operations and postoperative care of animals – practical works.
Skills: to analyze each case individually before clinical investigation of the animal. Investigation of animal and clinical diagnosis. Skills to assess the future of the animal treatment – practical works.

Competency: combine the knowledge and skills, and further use in veterinary practice. Interpret the results of clinical cases – practical works.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Introductory lecture in the horse surgery - Basic principles of diagnosis and treatment of horse surgical diseases. Safe horse fixation. Horse anesthesia (local, general; standing horse anesthesia). Bleeding. Infection. Hypergranulation. Wound Treatment Principles. Wound cosmetic suturing. Lectures – 1h; practical work -2h.
2. Head region surgery diseases - Dental pathologies (teeth, their anatomy, examination). Change in milk teeth, age determination by the teeth. The most common dental pathologies, their treatment. Ophthalmology (Injury, Conjunctivitis, Constriction of the tarsus channel, Periodic eye inflammation, Blindness). Lectures – 2h; practical work -2h.
3. Neck region surgery diseases - Phlebitis. Wobbler syndrome. Laryngeal pathologies (Hemiplagiya, Dorsal displacement of the soft palate, Epiglottic entrapment Lectures – 1h; practical work -2h.
4. Breast region surgical diseases - Pneumothorax. Haemothorax. Fracture of the rib. Osteomyelitis. Lectures – 2h.
5. Spine and belt region surgical diseases - Kissing spines. Muscle inflammation. Lectures – 1h.
6. Abdominal region surgical diseases - Abscesses. Hernias. Colline Surgery. Bladder rupture. Postoperative complications. Lectures – 2h; practical work -6h.
7. Andrology - Castaration. Testicular torsio. Cryptorchid. Preputial edema. Penis contusion, hematoma, paralysis. Lectures – 1h; practical work -4h.

8. Lameness - Lameness diagnostics. Flexion tests. Nerve blocks. X-ray examination. Ultrasonography. The general principles of the treatment of lameness. Bone fractures. OSD Arthritis. Tendonitis. Myoglobinuria. Enthisiophit. Ring bone. Suspensory ligament desmitis. Stringhalt. Bone spavin. Contractures. Lectures – 2h; practical work -4h.

Requirements for awarding credit points

Before performing each surgical operation and surgical manipulations, the surgical technique must be answered orally. All practical work hours have been attended. The number of not attended lectures does not exceed 10% of the total number of lectures. Successfully passed exam ( written or verbal).

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Literature studies on surgical diseases of livestock, operations, analysis of practical results. Optional option to participate in a horse clinic incoming horses investigation, surgical operation and manipulation of the performance and post-operative care (under the supervision of a leading veterinarian).

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Students' knowledge and skills are assessed in accordance with the procedures specified in the tasks of the practical works.
In order to obtain the final grade of the study course "passed", the student must demonstrate his knowledge and skills in practical works.
The examination of the study course is assessed in accordance with the 10 point system scale criteria indicated in the LLU Study Regulations.

Compulsory reading

1. Auer J.A, Stick J.A., Kümmerle J.M., Prange T. Equine Surgery. 5th Edition. Missouri: Elsevier, 2019. 1882 p.
2. Mair T. S., Love S., Schumacher J., Smith R., Frazer G. Equine Medicine, Surgery and Reproduction. 2nd Edition. USA: Saunders Ltd., 2012.624 p. eBook ISBN: 9780702052026
3. Ross M.W., Dyson S.J. Diagnosis and management of lameness in the horse. 2nd Edition. USA: Saunders Ltd., 2011. 1168 p.
4. McIlwraith W.C., Wright I., Nixon A. Diagnostic and Surgical Arthroscopy in the Horse. 4th Edition. USA: Mosby Ltd. 2015. 464 p.
5. Butler J.A., Colles M.C., Dyson S.J., Kold S.E., Poulos P.W. Clinical Radiology of the Horse. 4th Edition. USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2017. 808 p.
6. Kidd J.A., Lu K.G., Frazer M.L. Atlas of Equine Ultrasonography. USA: Wiley-Blackwell. 2014. 520 p. Online ISBN:9781118798119

7. Hinchcliff K.W., Kaneps A.J., Geor R.J. Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery. 2nd Edition. USA: Saunders Ltd. 2014. 1320 p.

Further reading

1. Baker G.J. & Easley J. Equine dentistry. London. WB Saunders Company, 2004. 513 p.
2. Clarke K.W., Trim C.M. Veterinary Anaesthesia. London: Saunders (W.B.) Co Ltd, 2013. 712 p.
3. Ted S., Theoret Christine L. Equine wound management.. 2nd edition. Iowa State University Press, Arnes, AI, United States, 2010. 696 p.
4. Mair T., Love. S., Schumacher J.& Watson E. Equine medicine, Surgery and Reproduction. WB Saunders Company, 1998. 624 p.
5. Auer Jorg A. , Stick John A. Equine surgery. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 2018, 1896 p.
6. Sashak T.S. Adams’ Lameness in horses. 5th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002. 1145 p.
7. McIWraith W. C., Turner S.A., Robertson J.T. McIWraith & Turner`s Equine Surgery: Advanced Techniques. 2nd edition. USA: Wiiams & Wilkins, 1998. 440 p.

Periodicals and other sources

3.Equine Veterinary Journal. ISSN: 2042-3306.

4.Equine Veterinary Education. ISSN: 2042-3292


Obligatory course in the second level professional higher education study program "Veterinary Medicine" in the 10th semester. Practical work takes place in small groups (5-6 people).