Course code HidZ5021

Credit points 4

Hydrologic Analysis and Design

Total Hours in Course160

Number of hours for lectures16

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes32

Independent study hours112

Date of course confirmation15.03.2022

Responsible UnitInstutute of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Engineering

Course developer

author lect.

Kaspars Abramenko

Mg. sc. ing.

Course abstract

The main objective of the course is to provide Master students with increased and interdisciplinary understanding in both the theoretical and practical aspects of Applied hydrology and Meteorology. The application the lectures and practical works is used to ensure detailed insight in the concept of atmospheric basics, weather forecasting and hydrologic cycle balance and maximum discharge probability calculation methods.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

After completing the study course, master's students will have:
• Strengthened and supplemented knowledge of the basics of engineering hydrology and meteorology (Lectures, Independent literature studies).
• The skill to performer the calculations of the water balance of river basins and the estimation of discharges at given probability (Independent literature studies, Practical works).
• Competence to apply acquired skills and necessary information in meteorological data processing, in calculations of theoretical probability distribution of hydrometric and hydrological quantities (development of PPT presentation, discussions, Seminar).

Course Content(Calendar)

1. An overview of hydrology and its history. Water stocks and water resources. Water cycle in nature. Water balance. (2 h).
2. Hydrometry. Observation data processing (1 h) . Pr. work "Construction of flow curve Q=f(H) of hydrometric station" (4 h);
3. The main characteristics of the runoff (1 h);
4. Runoff formation (1 h). Pr. work "Construction of a hydrograph (indicating the characteristic phases of the hydrological regime)" (2 h);
5. Principles and techniques of discharge measurement (1 h). Pr. work "Calculation of daily discharge of the hydrometric station." (4 h);
6. Methods of hydrological calculations (1 h). Pr. work "Construction of the runoff duration curve" (4 h);
7. Relationships of active cross-section area, average current velocities and slopes with water level (1 h);
8. Estimated flow rates for drainage systems. (1 h);
9. River runoff volume calculations (1 h). Pr. work "Empirical probability curves of estimated hydrological parameters" (6 h);
10. The Power and energy of watercourses; assessment of hydropower potential (1 h). Pr. work "Bathygraphic curves of the reservoir" (2 h);
11. Statistical methods in hydrology. Uniform random variables and their distribution laws. (1 h);
12. Calculation of estimated hydrological parameters. (1 h);
13. Parameters of theoretical probability curves (1 h). Pr. work "Theoretical probability distributions of estimated hydrological parameters" (6 h);
14. Empirical probability curves. Probability nets. (1 h);
15. Linear and non-linear relationship of hydrological quantities. (1 h);
16. Defense of practical works (2 h), seminar on the diversity of applications of hydrological calculations (2 h).

Part time extramural studies:
All topics specified for full time studies are accomplished, but the number of contact hours is one half of the number
specified in the calendar

Requirements for awarding credit points

The required grade for successful completion of the course is 4-10 points. The master's student must independently develop a presentation for the seminar and successfully pass all the practical works.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

According to the instructions and coordination of the teaching staff, each master's student independently prepares one presentation related to hydrological calculations at the workplace. Appropriate scientific and practical literature can be selected and the results obtained in the literature must be compiled, individual conclusions can be drawn in the form of SWOT analysis. Master students must complete all the practical works.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

The grade in the 10-point system is awarded both for participation in a seminar with a PPT presentation on the chosen topic and activities during the lessons with a weighting factor of 20%, and for the practical works with a weighting factor of 80%.

Compulsory reading

1. Zīverts A. Hidroloģija (Ievads un hidroloģiskie aprēķini), Jelgava: LLU, 2004 – 104 lpp.

2. Sarma B. Hidrometrija, hidroloģija un noteces regulēšana, Rīga: “Zvaigzne”, 1990.- 189 lpp.

Further reading

1. Ward R.C., Robinson M. Principles of Hydrology. London: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 2000, 450 p
2. Shaw E. M., Beven K.J. Hydrology in Practice. 4th Edition. Spon Press, 2011, 543 p.
3. Ahrens C. D., Meteorology today. Pacific Grove; Brooks/Cole, Thomson Learning, 2000. 586 p. & CD “Blue Skies”.
4. Pandalons V., Iljins U. Meteoroloģija I daļa, Jelgava: LLU, 1999 – 111 lpp.
5. Pandalons V., Iljins U. Meteoroloģija II daļa, Jelgava: LLU, 2001 – 174 lpp.
6. Pandalons V., Iljins U. Meteoroloģija III daļa, Jelgava: LLU, 2001 – 167 lpp.

7. World Meteorological Organization. Guide to hydrological practices, 1994, 735 p.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Latvijas vides, ģeoloģijas un meteoroloģijas centrs
2. Nordic Hydrology. Published by IWA Publishing. ISSN: 0029-1277

3. World Water (journal). Water Environment Federation.


The course is included in limited choice electives of academic master's study programme "Environmental, Water and Land Engineering" full-time studies.