Course code Arhi3090

Credit points 4.50


Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for lectures24

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes16

Number of hours for laboratory classes8

Independent study hours72

Date of course confirmation23.02.2021

Responsible UnitInstitute of Civil Engineering and Wood Processing

Course developer

author lect.

Andris Stankevičs


Prior knowledge

Arhi1020, Construction Graphics

BūvZ2060, Introduction to the Speciality

BūvZ2062, Basics of Architectural Design

MašZ2010, Descriptive Geometry, Technical Drawing

Replaced course

ArhiB019 [GARHB019] Architecture

Course abstract

The purpose of the object is to study the parts of buildings and design, including details of multi-storey residential, public and industrial buildings, classification, the structure of the building and the general requirements. The main building structures: foundations, walls, divisions, floors, partitions, stairs, roofs, windows, doors and other concepts of design of structural building elements are acquired both in theory and during the design of the course project. The basic principles for the design of multi-storey residential, public buildings are acquired: children's institutions, schools, cinemas and sports structures, as well as industrial buildings

Learning outcomes and their assessment

• Knowledge: Knows the basics of building design. Solutions for public and industrial buildings and construction details – written exam.
• Skills: Knows how to design drawings of AR part of construction. Knows how to apply construction terminology. Ensure fire safety standards and requirements. Develop appropriate design documentation in the composition of the sketches or technical design. He/she is able to navigate the offer, suitability and cost of building materials. Knows the characteristics of building materials. Familiar with the essential requirements for public and industrial constructions – course project.

• Competence: Able to design the architectural part of building projects. Capable of evaluating, expertise or approval part of construction projects. Is able to evaluate and follow environmental protection measures – course project, oral test.

Course Content(Calendar)

Lectures (24):
1. General concepts of buildings and building design - classification, typeization and unification of buildings. Building design regulatory base in Latvia. Environmental accessibility and protection requirements in design. (2h)
2. Basic principles for the design of industrial buildings. Lifting machines. The building's gauge is dependent on the technological process. Calculation of household premises. (1h)
3. Design schemes for multi-storey residential, public and industrial buildings. (2h)
4. Construction heat equipment, sound insulation and natural lighting in residential, public and industrial buildings. (1h)
5. The base and its breakdown - the base of the bottom, natural and artificial bases. General requirements and classification of foundations. Strip, column and pile foundations. Foundation design and determination of installation depth. Choice of the most appropriate type of basic, technical economic indicators (2h)
6. Requirements and wall classification for walls. Traditional walls of construction and panels (reinforced concrete and metal sandwiches). Wall architecture and constructive elements and nodes. Ventible facades. (3h)
7. Classification of mezzanine divisions, requirements to be installed on them. Monolithic and prefabric reinforced concrete covers. Technical economic indicators. (1h)
8. Roof constructions, general requirements, types. Beams, bus, arc, frame cover solutions. (2h)
9. Roof coverings, types. Materials to be used. Sloping, twisted and flat roofs. Nodes. (2h)
10. Classification and requirements of floors for residential, public and industrial buildings. Materials. Structural elements of the floor. (2h)
11. Partition types in residential, public and industrial buildings, classification, most important requirements. (1h)
12. Types of stairs and basic principles of design. Stair constructions, stairwells, special stairs. (1h)
13. Windows, skylights, doors and gates for residential, public and industrial buildings. Thermal technical requirements for frames, glazing, gasced. Specifications. Glazed facades. (2h)
14. Preparation of the fire safety review. Calculation of fire load. (1h)
15. Evaluation, expertise and harmonisation of the AR part of construction projects. Industry news.(1h)

Practical exercises/seminars (16)
1. Course project task, object selection, volume determination. (1h)
2. Calculation of raw data, regulatory basis. (1h)
3. Calculation of household premises, (1h)
4. Calculation of thermal engineering of demarcating structures (1h)
5. Preparation of the description of constructive solutions. (1h)
a) Base (soil) evaluation (1h)
b) Evaluation, calculation (1h) of the basic variants
c) Analysis and selection of design scheme variants of the building (1h)
d) Analysis and selection of divisions - sees, batch variants (1h)
6. Description of utilities. (1h)
7. Designing the content and form of course design (1h)
8. Designing the content and form of the draft course (1h)
9. Designation, technical economic calculations and characteristics of the site plan, performance. (1h)
10. Typical nodes and parts – choice of insulating materials. (1h)
11. Calculation, designation and presentation of escape routes in the course design. (1h)
12. Presentation, print and paperback of the course. Industry news.(1h)

Laboratory Work (8)
1. Repetition of the technical drawings and the standards for drawing up the explanatory memorandum. Ratios. Scripture passage.
2. Laying of axle structures, marking, size attachments.
3. External size design standard, display of target chains.
4. Internal size design standard, display of target chains.
5. Signs and other explanations in the graphic material.
6. Height marks in cuts, their design and markings.
7. Table design – space expansion, industrial component specifications, component designations, technical economic indicators in the situation plan, situation plan designations.

8. Description and detail of utilities. Industry news.

Requirements for awarding credit points

The course provides for an exam and a graphical course work.
A written examination must be successfully passed, in which drawings of the structural parts described in 3 text 3 must be examined in detail. The assessment of the examination depends on the correct detail of the nodes, the accuracy of the dimensions, the definition and choice of the materials used, the exclusion of the freezing bridges, the acoustics and other important characteristics.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

The student develops an industrial and public building project according to the individual task of the course project.
Independent work (72)
1. Determination of the scope of the course design object, preparation of the space program. (4h)
2. Calculation of household premises, determination of equipment, (2 h)
3. Calculation of the thermal engineering of enclosing structures (2 h)
4. Soil evaluation, analysis of geology data (6 h)
5. Evaluation, calculation of the basic variants (6h)
6. Analysis and selection of building design circuit options (6h)
7. Analysis and selection of divisions – joints, bus variants (6h)
8. Preparation of the description of utilities. (4h)
9. Development of a course work facility plan . (4h)
10. Typical drawing of assemblies and components. (6h)
11. Drawing and designing floor plans (6h)
12. Drawing and designing two cuts of the building (4h)
13. Drawing and designing facades of the building (4h)
14. Drawing and designing of the building's constructive plans – coverings, foundations and roof plans (10h)

15. Presentation, print and paperback of the course. (2h)2. The draft course – in scope and content includes: cover page, explanatory memorandum 7-10 pp, tabele of source of literature, drawings (floor plans, cross sections, facades, site plan, etc. by task).

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Exam – a text-defined task for three constructive details (e.g. foundation design detail, column and cover coupling detail, etc.). During 60 min, detailed constructive details with dimensions, element keys and technical specifications should be drawn.
The assessment of the study course examination depends on the evaluation of the exam assignment and the cumulative assessment of the course of study.
A student can obtain a successful grade for the exam test if at least 50% of the constructive nodes are drawn correctly and in detail.
Students with a checklist of at least 7 for this course and a successful assessment received before the exam session may fail the theoretical test and how to align the theoretical test rating with the grade tuition course.
The exam mark is calculated as the arithmetic mean of the three exam assignments.
The student is able to demonstrate the acquired knowledge, skills and competence by defending the project independently developed.

Compulsory reading

1. Bokalders V., Bloka M. Ekoloģiskās būvniecības rokasgrāmata. Rīga: Domas spēks, 2013. ISBN 978-9984-9961-9-6
2. Noviks J. Ģimenes māja I. Rīga: SIA Tehniskā grāmata, 2006. 272 lpp.
3. Noviks J. Ģimenes māja II. Rīga:SIA Tehniskā grāmata, 2007. 272 lpp.
4. Neufert E., Neufert P. Architects' Data. Fourth Edition. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell, 2012. ISBN 978-1405192538

Further reading

1. Šterns H. Jumtu nesošās konstrukcijas un segumi. Rīga: Avots, 1992. 158 lpp.
2. McLeod V. Detail in Contemporary Timber Architecture. London: Laurence King, 2010. ISBN 9781856696418
3. Klanten R., Feireiss L. Build-On. Converted Architecture and Transformed Buildings. Berlin: Gestalten, 2009. ISBN 9783899552591

Periodicals and other sources

1. Būvinženieris. Rīga: Latvijas Būvinženieru savienība, 2010.-2020.
2. Latvijas Būvniecība. Rīga: Izdevniecība Lilita, 2007.-2020. ISSN 1691-4058
3. Latvijas Architektūra. Rīga: Izdevniecība Lilita, 2006.-2020. ISSN 1407-4923


Study course is included in the professional higher education bachelor study programme Civil Engineering