Course code Arhi2070

Credit points 4.50

Art History of Architecture and Landscape Architecture II

Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for lectures32

Number of hours for laboratory classes16

Independent study hours72

Date of course confirmation10.03.2021

Responsible UnitInstutute of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Engineering

Course developer


Silvija Rubene

Mg. sc. ing.

Prior knowledge

Arhi1034, Art History of Architecture and Landscape Architecture I

Replaced course

ArhiB016 [GARHB016] Art History of Architecture and Landscape Architecture II

Course abstract

The aim of the study course is to provide knowledge about the principles of the formation of English parks and their impact on the history of parks in Europe, Russia, Latvia and other countries. Special attention is paid to Japanese gardens, London and Paris city parks, as well as the most outstanding of the 20th century. and 21st century and contemporary architects and landscape architects, for the creation of modern parks, gardens and public outdoor spaces.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: students have knowledge of the English-style park of the period, the origin and structure of Chinese and Japanese architectural and garden art objects, philosophy, the traditional elements and plants used, the 20th and 21st century landscape art, the formation of large city parks. 1st, 2nd, Laboratory work Skills: able to recognize English-style park plans, the impact of the Japanese garden and the garden of the world in art, 20th century and the 21st century architectural and landscape architectural styles. 2nd and 3rd Laboratory work Competence: able to describe, compare and evaluate the 18th to the 20th century and the 21st century architectural and landscape architectural styles, objects created by outstanding landscape architects. 4., 5. Laboratory work, final seminar.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Study excursion to Rundāle castle and garden. Getting acquainted with the exterior of the castle in the interiors, history of the garden, structure. 3h
2. Regularities of landscape or English style parks formation and their influence on European garden and park art. 3h
3. Garden and park art monuments in Russia and the Baltic States. The most outstanding landscape parks in Eastern Europe and Latvia.3h
4. Chinese natural conditions, garden philosophy, symbolism, composition elements. The most famous historical gardens of China. 3h
5. Japanese natural conditions, gardening philosophy, symbolism and composition elements. Plants in Japanese gardens. 3h
6. Development of eclecticism, modernism and Art Nouveau architecture in Europe. Eclecticism and Art Nouveau in Latvian architecture.3h
7. Rapid development of new architectural objects and garden forms in the 20th century. at first. 3h
8. London's historic gardens and parks, 20th and 21st century The most outstanding objects of landscape architects.3h
9. Parisian architecture and historic gardens, new parks and gardens of the 20th, 21st century. Creative search for landscape architects.3h
10. The flourishing of American architecture and technical advances. American contemporary landscape art. ASLA Annual Awards.3h
11. The work of Frank Lloyd and Le Corbusier - an example of harmony between architecture and the environment. New urban planning ideas.
12. Outstanding masters of landscape architecture and art: Antonio Gaudi, Charles Jack, Gustawson, Marta Schwartz and others, c. 3h
13. Examples of brownfield redevelopment, the best projects of the architectural firm TURENSCAPE. 3h
14. Roof gardens and green walls - interior gardens - new fields of landscape and garden art.3h
15. Normans Foster, Zaha Hadida and other talented 20th century and 21st century architects. 3h
16. Closing seminar.3h

Requirements for awarding credit points

100% attendance of lectures. Within the framework of the laboratory works, a literature review on the manifestations of historical styles in modern landscape architecture and significant contemporary architectural objects in Latvia and in the world has been developed, and materials on the significant achievements of modern landscape architects have been developed and presented in the laboratory works.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

In the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th laboratory works, students choose topics from the range of topics offered by the teaching staff, but can offer their chosen topics. The teaching staff determines the minimum amount of work. Students develop works independently and present them in the course auditorium. After the study tours, students write essays and submit them to the teaching staff.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

The end of the course is a test with a mark in the 10-point system. The mark consists of the content of the completed works, design and quality of presentation. Each work is evaluated with a mark, the average is a final mark. If the student has not attended all lectures, then at the end of the course a test on lecture topics is taken. The accuracy of the test execution affects the final mark.

Compulsory reading

Krastiņš J. Rīgas jūgendstila ēkas. Art nouveau buildings in Riga. Ceļvedis pa jūgendstila metropoli. A guide to atr noveau metropolis. Jelgava: Jelgavas tipogrāfija, 2014. 407 lpp. ISBN 978-9934-8318-2-9
Nitschke G. Japanese Gardens. Köln: Benedikt Taschen, 2007. 240 p
Kāvere A. Rīgas dārzu arhitekts Georgs Kūfalts. Jumava. 2007. 193.lpp. ISBN 978-9984-38-349-1

Further reading

Rutherford.S. Capability Brown And His Landscape Gardens. National Trast Books
2016.192 p. ISBN9781909881549
Лихачёв Д. Поэзия садов. Саннкт- Петербург- Логос, 2008. 448 с. ISBN 9785872883685
Baiba Pīra Rezovska, Anitra Tooma.Rīgas dārzu un parku ceļvedis.Jumava. 2017 199lpp. ISBN 978-993420-080-9

Periodicals and other sources

1. Latvijas Architektūra: arhitektūras, dizaina un vides apskats. ISSN 1407-4923.
2. TOPOS. Published by Callwey Verlag. ISSN: 0942-752X.


Compulsory course in full-time studies of VBF study program "Landscape Architecture and Planning" (Bachelor). The study course is also taught in English.