Course code Arhi1034

Credit points 3

Art History of Architecture and Landscape Architecture I

Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for lectures32

Number of hours for laboratory classes16

Independent study hours72

Date of course confirmation10.03.2021

Responsible UnitDepartment of Landscape Architecture and Planning

Course developer


Silvija Rubene

Mg. sc. ing.

Course abstract

The aim of the study course is to provide students with the knowledge of development stages and styles of architecture, landscape and garden art including the most prominent objects worldwide and in Latvia in relation to historic time periods. An important goal of the study course is to find the link between shape and material of the historic origin and creative achievements of modern architecture and landscape art. The study process contains lectures, seminars and field trips.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

• Knowledge: students have the knowledge of the origin and structure of objects of architecture, landscape and garden art, their role in further historic stages as well as their application in modern objects, the role of the application of plants. 1 and 2 laboratory work.
• Skills: students are able to recognize architectural and landscape architecture styles of ancient epochs, ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Romanesque, Gothic art, Renaissance, Baroque. 3 and 4 laboratory work.
• Competence: students are able to characterize, compare and evaluate the style of ancient epochs, ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Romanesque, Gothic art, Renaissance, Baroque and application of historic form and details in modern structures. 5 and 6 laboratory work. Final seminar.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. The beginnings of architecture. Megalithic buildings. Symbolic and ritual formations. Ancient Egypt. Mesopotamia Cretan and Mykonos architecture, cyclical buildings. The main stages of Greek architecture.4h
2. 1st Laboratory work. Contemporary geoglyphs and earth art 2h
3. The most remarkable objects of Roman architecture. Natural conditions, principles of landscaping and gardening. Byzantine architecture and art, its influence on the art of other countries. Romanesque period. 4h
4. 2nd Laboratory work. The influence of Byzantium on the architecture of world churches. Monastery gardens. 2h
5. Formation and development of Gothic in France. Characteristic features of the style. Church architecture. Medieval gardens. The most significant monuments of Gothic architecture in Western and Eastern Europe. 4h
6. 3rd Laboratory work. Gothic and neo-Gothic in Latvian architecture. 2h
7. Formation and development of the Renaissance in Italy. Characteristic features of the style. Church and palacco architecture. Structure and composition principles of Italian Renaissance gardens. The most prominent Italian Renaissance gardens and their creators. 4h
8. Renaissance castles and gardens in France and Spain. Renaissance architecture and garden art in Germany, Eastern Europe, England. 4h
9. 4th Laboratory work. Drawings of nodal gardens and renaissance parts. Neo-Renaissance architecture in Latvia. 2h
10. Ideological and compositional foundations of the emergence of Baroque as an architectural style. Peculiarities of Baroque garden composition. Rastrelli's work, Baroque gardens in Russia. Rundāle castle and garden. 4h
11. 5th Laboratory work. Rundāle castle and garden. Field trip. 2h
12. Le Notra's work. Baroque gardens in France. 4h
13. 6th Laboratory work. Baroque parterre and composition drawings. 2h
14. Formation of Baroque gardens in Austria. Schönbrunn, Belvedere, Schwarzenberg, etc. garden composition and details. Monuments of German Baroque architecture. The largest German baroque gardens. 4h
15. 7th Laboratory work. Baroque gardens in other Western and Eastern European countries. 2h
16. Closing seminar. Summary of materials, conclusions. 2h

Requirements for awarding credit points

100 % attendance of lectures. In framework of laboratory works developed and presented materials about art history of architecture and landscape architecture and nowadays landscape architecture overall expressions in other country and Latvia scale. Works, that are handed in later (if there is no justified reason), evaluation is lowered by one mark.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

In 1, 2, 3, 7 laboratory work students given themes develop individually and present results to the class.
In 4, 5, 6 laboratory work students develop drawing on given topic.
After study excursion students write essays and hand in to the lecturer.
In final seminar are discussed and evaluated handed in works, made conclusions about gained knowledge, skills and competences.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Course is evaluated by formal test with a grade in scale from 0 to 10. Evaluation depends on laboratory work content, design and presentation quality. Each work done by student is evaluated and the average is the final mark. If student have missed lectures, than in the end he needs to do the test about lecture topics. Test evaluation is accumulating.

Compulsory reading

1. Gombrihs E.H. Mākslas vēsture. Rīga: Zvaigzne ABC, 1997. 688 lpp. 2. Stīvensons N. Arhitektūra: [Pasaules izcilākie pieminekļi tuvplānā]. Rīga: Zvaigzne ABC,1999. 112 lpp. 3. Ilustrēta arhitektūras vēsture. Red.: E. Kola. Zvaigzne ABC, 2012. 352 lpp. ISBN 9789934031519. 4. Blūma D. Mazā mākslas vēstures terminu vārdnīca. Zvaigzne ABC. 225 lpp. ISBN 9984369625

Further reading

1. Ожегов C.C. История ландшафтной архитектуры. Москва, 2004. 230 с.
2. Krastiņš, J., Strautmanis, I., Dripe, J. Latvijas arhitektūra no senatnes līdz mūsdienām. Baltika, 1998. 312 lpp
3. Кох В. Энциклопедия архитектурных стилей. Москва, 2005. 528 стр. ISBN 5883532144
4. Kluckert E. European Garden Design. Tandem Verlag GmbH, 2005. 496 lpp. ISBN 3-8331-1929-2

Periodicals and other sources

1. Latvijas Architektūra: arhitektūras, dizaina un vides apskats. ISSN 1407-4923.
2.Topos. European Landscape Magazin. Munchen:Callwey. ISBN 3-7667-1593-3
3.Lancmanis I. Liepāja no baroka līdz klasicismam. Rīga: Zinātne, 1983.214. lpp


Compulsory course in full-time studies of VBF study program "Landscape Architecture and Planning" (Bachelor). The study course is also taught in English.