Course code Arhi2032

Credit points 2

Landscape Studies and Architecture I

Total Hours in Course80

Number of hours for lectures16

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes8

Number of hours for laboratory classes8

Independent study hours48

Date of course confirmation16.11.2011

Responsible UnitDepartment of Landscape Architecture and Planning

Course developer

author prof.

Daiga Skujāne

Dr. arch.

Course abstract

The aim of the study course is to develop an understanding of the role and professional activities of an environmental engineer in the surrounding landscape by changing and transforming it. The importance of interdisciplinarity. To understand the interpretation of the landscape concept in the context of legislative documents and human perception, the multifaceted nature of the landscape. To acquire knowledge about landscape forming factors and arrangement principles of landscape spatial structure. To understand landscape formation processes in the past and possible development scenarios in relation with human perception and economic activities. To provide insight into sustainable landscape planning, landscape ecology and ecological design.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge of the application of the concept of landscape in various normative documents, different perception of landscape and importance of interdisciplinarity in landscape planning. Knowledge of landscape forming factors, historical development and typology of Latvian landscape. Knowledge of the role of the environmental engineer in landscape research, planning and management. Evaluation of the acquired knowledge - 1st practical work. Assessment of forming factors of landscape; 2nd practical work. Factors influencing changes in the Latvian landscape; 3rd practical work. Typology of Latvian landscape.

Skills to recognize landscape types by specific elements and spatial structure. Skills to use normative documents related to landscape planning to determine restrictions and permitted planning conditions for different functional areas. Skills to develop concepts for small-scale residential areas based on the principles of sustainability and ecological design. Evaluation of acquired skills - 4th laboratory work. Planning restrictions in river landscape; 5th laboratory work. Modelling of an ecovillage. planning.


Competences to carry out assessment of the project areas, collecting information on natural and anthropogenic factors. Use principles of landscape ecology in planning and development of territories. Evaluation of acquired competencies - 6th laboratory work. Solutions based on landscape ecological principles; 7th practical work. Analysis of best practice examples.

Course Content(Calendar)

Full time intramural studies
1. Lecture. Interpretation of the concept of landscape in the context of legislative documents and human perception (1h) 1st Practical work. Assessment of landscape forming factors (1h)
2. Lecture. Historical development of the Latvian landscape (1h). 2nd Practical work. Factors influencing changes in the Latvian landscape (1h). Lecture. Latvian landscape types, classification, normative framework (2h).
3. 3rd Practical work laboratory work. Typology of Latvian landscape (4h)
4. Lecture. Urban landscape (1h). Lecture. Landscape of water areas (1h).
5. 4th Laboratory work. Restrictions for planning of river landscape (2h)
6. Lecture. Agricultural landscape (1h). Lecture. Forest landscape (1h)
7. Lecture. Landscape architecture styles (1h). Ecological design (1h)
8. Lecture. Sustainable landscape development and planning (2h)
9. 5th Laboratory work. Modelling of ecovillage (2h)
10. Lecture. History and main terminology of landscape ecology (1h). Lecture. Elements of landscape ecology – patches, corridors, network (1h)
11. 6th Laboratory work. Solutions based on landscape ecology principles (4h)
12. Lecture. Best practice examples (2h). 7th Practical work. Best practice examples from abroad and Latvia (2h)
Part time extramural studies
All topics specified for full time studies are accomplished, but the number of contact hours is one half of the number specified in the calendar

Requirements for awarding credit points

Laboratory and practical works have been positively evaluated, the average grade of which forms the final grade of the study course. For works submitted after the specified time (if there is no justifiable reason), the grade is reduced by 1 point. Attendance of classes not less than 75%

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Development, forming and preparation of laboratory works for defence.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

The evaluation of the study course consists of the average evaluation of the practical and laboratory works of all the examined topics. Evaluation of laboratory works based on their compliance with the assigned task and quality.

Compulsory reading

1. Ainavu aizsardzība. Nozares pārskats rajona plānojuma izstrādāšanai (2000) Rīga: Vides aizsardzības un reģionālās attīstības ministrija. 92 lpp.
2. Bokalders V., Bloka M. (2013) Ekoloģiskās būvniecības rokasgrāmata. Kā projektēt veselīgas, racionālas un ilgtspējīgas ēkas. Rīga: Biedrība Domas spēks. 691 lpp.
3. Kurše P., Kurš M., Athauss D., Gabriēls I. (1995) Ekoloģiskā būvniecība. Rīga: Preses Nams. 398lpp.
4. Ņitavska N., Zigmunde D. (2013) Zaļas pilsētvides plānošana. Rokasgrāmata. Jelgava: Zemgales plānošanas reģions. 114 lpp.
5. Švarcbahs J., Sudārs R., Jansons V., Zīverts A., Kļaviņš U., Dreimanis Ē, Bušmanis P. (2006) Ekoloģija un vides aizsardzība. Mācību līdzeklis. Jelgava: LLU. 225 lpp.
6. Vides un ilgtspējīga attīstība (2010) M. Kļaviņš, J.Zaļoksnis (red.) Rīga: LU akadēmiskais apgāds. 334. lpp.
7. Vides zinātne (2008) M.Kļaviņš (red.). Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds. 599 lpp.

Further reading

1. Applied Urban Ecology: A Global Framework (2011) M. Richter, U.Weiland (eds.). 235 p.
2. Basics Landscape Architecture 02: Ecological Design (2011) N. Rottle, K Yocom (eds.). AVA Publishing. 184 p.
3. Dramstad W.E., Olson J.D., Forman R.T.T. (1996) Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning. Washington. 80 p.
4. James A., LaGro Jr. (2008) Site Analysis: A Contextual Approach to Sustainable Land Planning and Site Design. 357 p.
5. Kennen K., Kirkwood N. (2015) Phyto: principles and resources for site remediation and landscape design. New York: Routledge. 346 p.
6. Kļaviņš M., Blumberga D., Bruņiniece I., Briede A., Grišule G., Andrušaitis A., Āboliņa K. (2008) Klimata mainība un globālā sasilšana. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds. 174 lpp.
7. Makhzoumi J., Pungetti G. (1999) Ecological Landscape Design and Planning. London: E&FN Spon. 330 p.
8. Roehr D., Fassman-Beck E. (2015) Living Roofs in Integrated Urban Water Systems. London: Routledge. 178 p.
9. Thompson I.H. (1999) Ecology, Community and Delight. London: E&FN Spon. 188 p.
10. Thompson J.W., Sorvig K. (2000) Sustainable landscape construction: a guide to green building outdoors. Washington: Island Press. 350 p.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal of Landscape Architecture (Jola). [tiešsaiste] Online ISSN: 2164-604X. Pieejams: https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rjla20
2. Latvijas Architektūra: arhitektūras, dizaina un vides apskats. Rīga: Lilita, 1995- Burtn. ISSN 1407-4923
3. Topos. European Landscape Magazin. Munchen:Callwey. ISBN 3-7667-1593-3
4. Vides Vēstis: Vides aizsardzības kluba žurnāls.Rīga : Vides aizsardzības klubs. ISSN 1407-2939. 2. National Geographic. [tiešsaiste]. Official Journal of the National Geographic Society. ISSN: 0027-9358. [skatīts 27.05.2014.]. Pieejams: http://ngm.nationalgeographi

Notes

This study course is compulsory for the 1st year students of full time intramural and part time extramural studies in the professional bachelor study programme “Environment and Water management”