Course code Vete4021

Credit points 1.50

Large Animal Surgery I

Total Hours in Course60

Number of hours for lectures14

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes16

Independent study hours30

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author lect.

Santa Skuja


Prior knowledge

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete4018, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Vete4019, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics III

Vete4064, Surgical Techniques II

Vete4084, Surgical Techniques I

Vete4085, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete4105, Pharmacology, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology I

Vete4112, Surgery Techniques and Topographical Anatomy I

Vete4113, Surgery Techniques and Topographical Anatomy II

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Large animal surgery I shall examine surgical diseases by animal species (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs), by body area, their aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnostics, differential diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Looks at the anatomy of the feet and phalanges, position, animal hoof care and examination, hoof diseases.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: of livestock diseases in surgical diagnosis, theoretical and practical knowledge of operations and postoperative care of animals – colloquium.
Skills: to analyze each case individually before clinical investigation of the animal. Investigation of animal and clinical diagnosis. Skills to assess the future of the animal treatment – practical works.

Competency: combine the knowledge and skills, and further use in veterinary practice. Interpret the results of clinical cases. – Practical works.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Introductory lecture in the farm animals surgery - basic principles of diagnosis and treatment of surgical diseases. Surgical restraint of livestock. Ruminants and pigs anesthesia (regional, general, epidural). Lectures – 1h.
2. Head region surgery diseases - cornuectomy, sinusitis. Actinomycosis. nasal region surgeries. Ophthalmology (Blepharectomy, enucleation of the eye, corneal wounds, ulcers, infectious keratoconjunctivitis). Ear, mouth surgical diseases. Lectures – 1h ; practical work -2h.
3. Neck region surgery diseases - tracheotomy, tracheo wash, phlebitis. Choking, Esophagostomy. Lectures – 1h ; practical work -2h.
4. Breast region surgical diseases - Rib resection. Traumatic pericarditis. Lectures – 1h.
5. Abdominal region surgical diseases - exploratory laparotomy, biopsy of liver. LDA, RTA, RDA. Intestinal obstruction. Rumenotomy. Temporary rumen fistula. Cesarean section. Mammary surgery. Hernias. Urethrostomy. Lectures – 4h ; practical work -4h.
6. Pelvis region surgical diseases - Fracture..Rectal prolapse. Vaginal prolapse. Uterus prolapse. Lectures – 2h ; practical work -2h.
7. Andrology - Castaration. Surgical preperation of Teaser animals. Lectures – 2h ; practical work -2h.

8. Foot and claw surgery - Lameness detection. Anesthesia. Contraction of flexor tendons. Claw care. Infectious and noninfectious diseases of the digits. Lectures – 2h ; practical work -4h.

Requirements for awarding credit points

Before performing each surgical operation and surgical manipulations, the surgical technique must be answered orally. All practical work hours have been attended. The number of not attended lectures does not exceed 10% of the total number of lectures. Passed a successful colloquium, after which a test was obtained. ( written or verbal).

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Literature studies on surgical diseases of livestock, operations, analysis of practical results. Optional possibility to go to the farms in small groups for surgical operations and manipulations.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Students' knowledge and skills are assessed in accordance with the procedures specified in the tasks of the practical works.
In order to obtain the final grade of the study course "passed", the student must demonstrate his knowledge and skills in practical works and successfully pass the colloquium.

Compulsory reading

1. Clarke K.W., Trim C.M. Veterinary Anaesthesia. – London, Saunders (W.B.) Co Ltd, 2013. 712p.
2. Dean E. Hendrickson, Techniques in Large Animal Surgery. Third edition.-Iowa, Blackwell, 2007. 312p.
3. Hendrickson D. E. & Baird A.N., Turner and McIlwraith's Techniques in Large Animal Surgery, 4th Edition. - Iowa, Blackwell, 2013. 326p.
4. Fubini S. L., Ducharme N. G. Farm Animal Surgery. – St. Louis: Saunders, 2004. 607p.

Further reading

1. Greenough P. R., Weaver D. A. Lameness in Cattle. Third Edition. – Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1997. 336p.
2. Noordsy J. L. Food animal surgery. Third edition. – Veterinary Learning Systems Co., Inc, 1994. 301p.

3. Fowler M. Restraint and Handling of Wild and Domestic Animals, Third Edition. Wiley-Blackwell, USA, 2011,488 p.

Periodicals and other sources

3. Compedium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian (Comp Cont Educ Pract). ISSN 0193-1903.
4. Dairy Herd Management, ISSN 0011-5614.
5. Bovine Veterinarian supplement, ISSN 0011-5614


Obligatory course in the second level professional higher education study program "Veterinary Medicine" in the 9th semester. Practical work takes place in small groups (5-6 people)