Course code PārZ3086

Credit points 7

Beverage Production Technology

Total Hours in Course280

Number of hours for lectures52

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes30

Number of hours for laboratory classes30

Independent study hours168

Date of course confirmation21.03.2018

Responsible UnitDepartment of Food Technology

Course developers

author prof.

Tatjana Ķince

Dr. sc. ing.

author prof.

Sandra Muižniece-Brasava

Dr. sc. ing.

author Uztura katedra

Anita Blija

Dr. sc. ing.

author Pārtikas tehnoloģijas katedra

Evita Straumīte

Dr. sc. ing.

author Pārtikas tehnoloģijas katedra

Zanda Krūma

Dr. sc. ing.

author doc.

Ilona Dabiņa-Bicka

Dr. sc. ing.

Prior knowledge

Ķīmi2018, Food Organic Chemistry

Ķīmi2021, Biochemistry

PārZ2063, Food products packaging

PārZ2064, Food microbiology

PārZ4014, Sensory Evaluation of Food Products

Course abstract

The aim of the study course is to obtain specific knowledge about beverage production technologies includes both non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages. Acquires knowledge about the raw materials of malt, beer, spirit, wine, soft drinks, technological processes, their justification, analyses of significant influencing factor. Acquires knowledge about the most important production equipment, the basic principles of their operation, as well as the specifics of packaging materials and methods and quality management. In the laboratory work, students acquire practical skills in malt analysis, beer, wine spirits and quality assessment.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

At the end of the study course students will get:
Theoretical and practical knowledge of raw materials for beverage production, production technologies and regularities - lectures, laboratory works, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th test.
Skills to analyze and explain processes and quality indicators in the technological stages of beverages - laboratory works, seminars.
Able to independently obtain, select and evaluate information about beverage offers, production technologies, its nuances and possibilities - seminars, laboratory work and independent work.

Course Content(Calendar)

Technologies –T, Technological equipment - Te, Packaging - Pa, Sensor evaluation –Se, Quality management – Q
Lecture L. Introduction lecture. General classification of beverages. General description of technological equipment used in the production of beverages. Innovations for beverage packaging Quality management in beverage production (1h - T) (3h - Te) (1h - Q) (3h - Pa)
Seminar S. Analysis of general equipment for technological processes - pumps, conveyors, filters, tanks, heat exchangers, etc. (3h - Te) Characterization of filters used in the production of water treatment equipment and beverages, analysis of operating principles and suitability assessment (2h - Te) Quality management system development (4h - Q) Packaging as a significant added value of beverages. Lids / stoppers and lids. Labels Innovations for beverage packaging. Active, intelligent and biodegradable packaging (6h - Pa)
L. Malt production. Characteristics of raw materials and quality indicators. Description of technological processes. The most important quality indicators. Equipment for malt production (3h - T) (1h - Te)
Laboratory works LW. Determination of malt quality indicators. (2h - T)
S. Analysis of factors influencing the quality of malt and selection of equipment. (2h - T) (2h - Te)
L. Beer technological process. Brewing equipment. Principles of sensory evaluation of beer. (8h - T) (1h - Te) (2h - Se)
LD. Brewing of selected beers. Beer quality assessment - physico-chemical, chemical and sensory indicators. (8h - T) (2h - Se)
S. Calculations and analysis of beer recipes. (3h - T) Evaluation of beer production equipment specifics (2h - Te)
Test 1 Malt and beer technology, equipment and quality.
L. Characteristics of the wine sector. Raw materials used in wine production, their characteristics and quality requirements. Factors influencing the fermentation process. Sparkling wines, aromatised and fortified wines. Sensory evaluation of wine. Equipment for wine production. (8h - T) (1h - Se) (1h - Te)
LD. Wine quality assessment - physico-chemical, chemical and sensory indicators. (4h - T) (2h - Se)
S. Current issues in wine production. (2h - T)
Test 2 Wine technology, equipment and quality.
L. Spirits, their types. Alcohol production technology. Description of the distillation process and production equipment. Sensory evaluation of spirits (8h - T) (2h - Te) (1h - Se)
LD. Quality assessment of spirits - physico-chemical, chemical and sensory indicators (5h - T) (2h - Se)
S. Calculation of the distillation column. (3h - Te)
Test 3 Technology, equipment and quality of spirits.
L. Non-alcoholic drinks, their types, production technology and the most important equipment. Tea, coffee production stages. Sensory evaluation of soft drinks (6h - T) (1h - Te) (1h - Se)
LD. Preparation of soft drinks and physico-chemical, chemical and sensory indicators of quality. (3h - T) (2h - Se)
S. Topicalities in the production of soft drinks. (1h - T)
Test 4 Non-alcoholic beverage technology, equipment and quality.

Requirements for awarding credit points

All four tests must be passed.
All laboratory work must be performed and defended.
Participation in all seminars and discussions.
One independent work has been developed and defended

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Individual work consists of the following parts:
Analyzing of the information and preparing laboratory work protocols.
Preparation for seminars based on the acquaintance with the latest industry publicity materials. Preparation for 4 tests.
The student develops an independent work - Innovations in the offer of soft drinks or alcoholic beverages. Students have to choose new, recently launched products or just possible new drink ideas based on research. The following topics should be covered: raw materials (slides 1-3), technological processes (slides 1-3), quality indicators and sensory properties (slides 1-2), sales offer in different countries of the world (slides 1-2), literature sources (slides 1 slide), a total of 10 slides. The number of slides for inclusion in a topic may vary depending on the topic. Only to be submitted electronically in the form of a presentation.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

A student receives a successful mark in the test if at least 50% of the questions are answered correctly. After the laboratory work, student have to defend it by explaining the obtained results.
Students with an average mark of at least 7 in the tests, final mark is calculated as the arithmetic mean of the 4 marks in the tests.

Compulsory reading

1. Технология солода и пива. В. Кунце; гл. 11 написана Г.О. Митом. Санкт-Петербург: Профессия, 2003. 912 с.
2. Handbook of brewing: processes, technology, markets. Edited by H. M. Eßlinger. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH Verlag, 2009. 746 p.
3. Handbook of brewing. Edited by F. G. Priest, G. G. Stewart. 2nd ed. Boca Raton ... [etc.]: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 2006. 853 p.
4.Post-fermentation and -distillation technology : stabilization, aging, and spoilage. Edited by M. Bordiga. Boca Rato: CRC Press, 2018.
5. Brewing: new technologies. Edited by C.W. Bamforth. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing; Boca Raton ... [etc.]: CRC Press, 2006. 484 p.
6. Brewing: science and practice. D. E. Briggs ... [et al.]. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing; Boca Raton ... [etc.]: CRC Press, 2004. 881 p.
Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production 1st Edition
by Maria R. Kosseva (Editor), V.K. Joshi (Editor), P.S. Panesar (Editor)
7. Fermentation microbiology and biotechnology. E.M.T. El-Mansi, editor-in-chief ... [et al.]. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 2007. 678 p.
8. Whisky: technology, production and marketing. Edited by I. Russell and G. Stewart. Cambridge: Academic Press, 2014. 444p.
9. Dukaļska L., Muižniece-Brasava S. Progresīvās iepakojuma tehnoloģijas pārtikas industrijā. Jelgava, LLU, 2012. 192 lpp.
10. Robertson G.L. Food Packaging: Principles and Practice. Third Edition. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2012. 733 p.
11. Innovative Technologies in Beverage Processing. Ed. I. Aguiló-Aguayo, L. Plaza. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell, 2017. 314 p.
12. Post-fermentation and - distillation technology: stabilization, aging, and spoilage. Ed. M. Bordiga. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 2018. 282 p. (in English)

Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production 1st Edition by Maria R. Kosseva, V.K. Joshi, P.S. Panesar. Academic Press, 2016, 765 p.

Further reading

1. DeSalle R., Tattersall I. A natural history of beer. London: Yale University Press, 2019. 256 p.
2. Yeasts in food and beverages: with 52 figures an 30 tables. A. Querol, G. Fleet (eds.). Berlin; Heidelberg; New York: Springer, c2006
3. Stiprie dzērieni. Rīga; Zvaigzne ABC, 2008. 120 lpp
4. Pārtikas rūpniecības tehnoloģiskās iekārtas. L. Dukaļskas red. Jelgava: Latvijas Lauksaimniecības universitātes Pārtikas tehnoloģijas fakultāte, 2000. 524 lpp. ISBN 9984191710.
5. Mosher M., Trantham K. Brewing Science: a multidisciplinary approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017. 408 p.
6. Boulton C. Encyclopaedia of brewing. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. 707 p.
7. Handbook of brewing: processes, technology, markets Ed. by H. M. Eßlinger. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH Verlag, 2009. 746 p.
8. Brewing materials and processes:a practical approach to beer excellence. Ed. Charles W. Bamforth. London: Academic Press, 2016. 347 p.
9. Wine science: the application of science in winemaking. Ed. J. Goode. London: Mitchell Beaxley, 2005. 216 p.

10. Handbook of enology: principles, practices and recent innovations. Ed. V.K. Joshi. New Delhi: Asiatech Publishers, 2011. Vol. 3.

Periodicals and other sources

Alcohol labelling
Brewers associations
Wine in EU
Spirit drinks
Datu bāzes,, žurnālu un konferenču rakstu krājumu analīzei. Pārtikas zinātnes žurnāli - Food

Chemistry, LWT, Cereal Science, konferenču materiāli – FoodBalt, Research for Rural Development.


Compulsory study course for bachelor study programm "Food Quality and Innovations".