Course code Vete6023

Credit points 3

Physiology II

Additional course materials Vete6023 izvērsts saturs.pdf

Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for lectures28

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes32

Independent study hours60

Date of course confirmation20.04.2011

Responsible UnitPreclinical Institute

Course developers

author prof.

Aija Ilgaža

Dr. med. vet.

author lect.

Sintija Jonova


Prior knowledge

Biol1019, Animal Biology, Ecology and Ethology I

Biol1020, Animal Biology, Ecology and Ethology II

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete4034, Cytology, Histology and Embryology II

Vete4035, Cytology, Histology and Embryology I

Vete6022, Physiology I

Course abstract

Physiology is the fundamental science of Biology. It studies the principles of physiological processes of the organism – vital functions of the cells, organs and systems, their relationships and mechanisms of regulation.
Knowledge of physiology is needed to understand complicated physiological processes of the body and their mechanisms of regulation, to understand causes of functional processes occurring in the body under the influence of various factors of the external and internal environment.
In the second part of the course students learn about the physiology of the respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, metabolism particularities in different animal species, the physiology of urine formation and the physiology of excretion organs, as well as the physiology of reproductive system.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge about of the physiology of organs of the respiratory, digestive and metabolic, excretion and reproductive systems of different animal species. Assessment - 4 tests.
Ability to evaluate physiological processes of respiration, digestion, metabolism, excretion organs, reproductive system’s organs and the organism as a whole, the mutual influence and results of these processes. Control - practical works.
Competence to apply the acquired knowledge to determinate of physiological parameters and to evaluate their variations within the physiological norms of different species of animals, to be able to apply the acquired knowledge in further studies of clinical subjects. Control - the defence of protocol of practical works and CECA at the end of the semester.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Physiology of the respiratory system - 6 h lectures and 6 h practicalworks
1st test- Physiology of respiratory system.
2. Physiology of thedigestive system - 8 h lectures and 8 h practicalworks.
2nd test–Physiology of the digestive system.
3. Physiology of organs involved in metabolic processes - 6 h lectures and 6 h practicalworks.
3rd test - Physiology of Metabolism.
4. Physiology of the urine and other organism's excretory systems - 8 h lectures and 8 hours practical works
4th test - Physiology of Excretory Systems

Requirements for awarding credit points

he course ends with an oral exam. Requirements for taking the exam Physiology II: • Must be passed the course Physiology I. • Must be completed the planned practicalworks in the fourth semester. • Must be defended protocols ofpracticalworks. • Must be written and positively assessed tests of the study course Physiology II. • Must be submitted and defended CECA in strictly determined time limits. If any of the requirements is not completed and the Physiology II exam is not passed, the student can do this during the next semester (before the session!),the time and form should be arranged with the academic staff. If this is not done, the course Physiology II must be repeated.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

In order to strengthen the knowledge and skills acquired in the physiology course unit (Physiology I and II) and to supplement the acquired competencies, each student must develop, submit and defend one independent work - Clinical and Epidemiological Case Analysis (CECA). This work must be developed, printed and defended in accordance with the CECA requirements developed and approved by the FVM, as well as the specific instructions of the responsible academic staff. Developed CECA must be submitted and defended at a

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of each subject, the student’s knowledge is evaluated based on the results of the test written in the practical works. Student’s skills are assessed in accordance with the procedures specified in the practical assignments. Student competence is assessed by individually defended protocols of practical works and CECA.
The final exam in study course Physiology II is assessed according to the generally accepted 10-point grading scale. CECA's assessment is taken into account in the final assessment of the Physiology II examination, if the examination is assessed as successful, increasing or decreasing the examination grade by one point.

Compulsory reading

1. VALTNERIS A. Cilvēka fizioloģija. Rokasgrāmata. Otrais izdevums. Rīga, Zvaigzne ABC, 2009., 252 lpp.
2. ABERBERGA-AUGSKALNE L., Koroļova O. Fizioloģija ārstiem. Rīga, SIA „Medicīnas apgāds”, 2007., 516.lpp.
3. CUNNINGHAM J. (ed) Textbook of veterinary physiology. USA, Philadelphia: W.B.Saunders company, 2006., pp. 621.
4. WILLIAM O.REECE (ed) Duke’s Physiology of Domestic Animals, USA, Wiley Blackwol, 2015., pp 760.
5. Garančs A. Cilvēka un dzīvnieku fizioloģija jautājumos un atbildēs. Rīga, 2006., 340 lpp.

Further reading

1. MELFI V., Hosey G., Pankhurst S. Zoo Animals: Behaviour, Management and Welfare. ISBN-13: 9780199233069, ISBN-10: 0199233063; Oxford University Press. 2009., pp. 661.
2. DENBOW M. D., Akers R. M. Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals illustrated edition. ISBN-13: 9780813803296, ISBN-10: 0813803292; Iowa State University Press, 2009, pp. 654.
3. Смирнов В.М., Будылина С.М. Физиология сенсорных систем и высшая нервная деятельность. Москва. 2004. - 303 стр.
4. Lejniece S. Klīniskā hematoloģija.- Rīga, Nacionālais apgāds, 2005.- 324 lpp.
5. Danilāns A. Gastroenteroloģija.- Rīga, Nacionālais apgāds, 2005.- 126 lpp.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal of Veterinary Physiology
2. Open Access Animal Physiology
3. The Veterinary Journal


Compulsory course of study programme Veterinary medicine