Course code Vete4109

Credit points 4

Internal Medicine, Herd Health II

Total Hours in Course160

Number of hours for lectures24

Number of hours for laboratory classes56

Independent study hours80

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author Klīniskais institūts

Laima Liepa

Dr. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

Ķīmi1028, Inorganic Chemistry

Ķīmi3004, Biochemistry

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete2016, Animal and Environmental Hygiene I

Vete2017, Animal and Environmental Hygiene II

Vete2018, Animal and Environmental Hygiene III

Vete4019, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics III

Vete4036, General Pathology I

Vete4037, General Pathology II

Vete4078, Internal Medicine, Herd Health I

Vete4104, Forage Production and Animal Nutrition III

Vete4105, Pharmacology, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology I

Vete4110, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete4111, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

The aim of the study course Ruminant diseases is to acquire in depth the science based on knowledge about the epidemiology, aetiology, pathogenesis, and clinical signs of cattle, sheep and goat. Internal diseases, diagnosis principles, disease treatment and prevention options.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: of causes, pathogenesis, clinical findings, treatment and prophylaxis of ruminant diseases; knowledge of clinical examination methods; knowledge of collection of anamnesis data, application of clinical symptoms and results of laboratory analyses in the differential diagnosis of disease and limitations of the use of treated animal products for human consumption. - Presentation of the clinical case, a test.
Skills: to communicate effectively with clients, to collect anamnesis data, to interpret results of clinical and laboratory examination for differentiation diagnosis of diseases, to establish diagnosis, and provide first aid. – Presentation of the clinical case, a test.

Competence: to explain the pathogenesis of diseases; to establish diagnosis; to create a treatment plan of different diseases. – Presentation of the clinical case, a test.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Newborn Diseases. Diarrhoea
2. Pneumonia. Farm visit.
3. Gastrointestinal diseases. Mouth, throat and oesophageal diseases of ruminants.
4. Diseases of four-stomach. Simple indigestion. Ruminal tympany.
5. Traumatic reticulopericarditis. Traumatic reticuloperitonitis. Vagus indigestion. . USG diagnostics of abdomen.
6. Acute and subacute ruminal acidosis. Analyses of rumen fluid.
7. Left and right displacement of abomasums. Abomasal ulcers. “Ping” topograffic diagnosis.
8. Peritonitis. Intestinal diseases. Fluid therapy.
9. Metabolic disorders. Role of stress in the development of metabolic diseases. Evaluation of body condition.
10. Ketosis I and II. Sheep pregnancy toxemia.
11. Milk fever. Hypocalcaemia.
12. Grass tetany. Postpartal haemoglobinuria.
13. Farm visit.Evaluation of feeding quality. Diagnostics of metabolic diseases. Milk fat to protein ratio. Milk urea nitrogen.
14. CNS diseases of ruminants: classification. Polioencephalomalacia. Meningitis. Encephalitis.
15. Skin diseases of ruminants: classification. Environmental, bacterial, nutritional, immunological skin diseases.

16. Specific sheep and goat diseases.

Requirements for awarding credit points

Successfully passed at least one Power Point presentation of a real clinical case and three colloquiums (test with analyses of one theoretical clinical case) as a basis for a pass at the end of the course.
If attendance of laboratory work is missed more than 30 %, the study course should be repeated.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

The aim is to learn independently how to obtain information from the recommended veterinary literature, websites about Ruminant diseases not involved in this course; to study independently results of clinical and laboratory examination of the patients (on farm visits, FVM clinic); independently develop a treatment and prevention plan; independently prepare and present the Power Point presentation as a clinical case.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Colloquiums of the study course are evaluated in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point system scale indicated in the LLU Study Regulations.
In order to get the final grade of the study course "pass", three colloquiums and Power Point presentation of clinical case must be evaluated with a successful mark.

Compulsory reading

1. Aitken I.D. Diseases of Sheep. 4th ed. Blackwell Publishing, UK, 2007. 239 p.
2. Radostits O.M., Gay C.C., Hinchcliff K.W., Constable P.D. Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. 10th Edition. London: Saunders, 2008. 1548 p.
3. Rebhun W.C. Diseases of Dairy Cattle. Media, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.2010. 930 p.

4. Smith B.P. Large Animal Internal Medicine. 5h Edition. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 2015. 1735 p

Further reading

1. Kahn M.C., Line S. The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2010

2. Meyer D., Harvey J.W. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine: Interpretation and Diagnosis. 3rd ed. 2004. – p. 532.

Periodicals and other sources

1. The Veterinary Journal. ISSN 1090-0233

2. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Wiley Blackwel. ISSN 1939-1676


The compulsory course name of the study program Veterinary medicine
is: Internal Medicine, Herd Health II (course code: Vete 4109).