Course code Vete4095

Credit points 3

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for lectures24

Number of hours for laboratory classes24

Independent study hours72

Date of course confirmation07.11.2011

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author Klīniskais institūts

Vita Antāne

Dr. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

LauZ3046, Dairy Husbandry

LauZ3145, Animal Nutrition

LauZ3146, Animal Nutrition

Vete2022, Animal Physiology

Vete2023, Animal Anatomy and Physiology

Course abstract

Students learn and develop problem-solving experience in veterinary obstetrics and gynecology. The subject of Veterinary obstetrics gives an insight of female animals reproductive and mammary glands physiology before and during pregnancy, parturition and post-partum periods as well as the pathology of delivery, postpartum period and udder and new-born problems. Gynecology course examines female and male animals’ infertility.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge: about the female and male reproductive organ neural and humoral regulation, as well as processes of fertilization, pregnancy, parturition and peri-partal period and also physiology and diseases of mammary glands (udder). Assessment of knowledge by 7 tests.
Skills: to organize and carry out animal management prevent reproductive organ diseases and fertility problems including mammary glands (udder), and to recommend measures providing continuous use of animals in production. The ability to provide the first necessary assistance in dystocia– practical works
Competences: according to acquired knowledge and skills to evaluate and resolve animal fertility and/or changes in milk quality problems in one of the herds selected freely.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Functional anatomy, histology of reproductive organs in different animal species – 4 h lectures and 2 h practical works
1st test Functional anatomy, histology of reproductive organs in different animal species
2. Genital organs development of male animals, functional anatomy, and micromorphology - 2h lectures and 1h practical work.
2nd test. Genital organs development of male animals, functional anatomy, micromorphology.
3. Puberty, estrus cycle and its neurohumoral regulation, estrus and methods for its detection. Cow vaginal and rectal examination (FVM clinic or trip to the farm) – 3 h lectures and 3 h practical works
3rd test Puberty, estrus cycle and its neurohumoral regulation, estrus and methods for its detection
4. Removal of semen, semen evaluation. Semen obtainig methods, sperm physiology, biochemistry, movements. Removing the semen from the bull and boar. Natural mating and artificial insemination, its work organisation. Conception and gestation, evaluation of its results. Training tour to one of the artificial insemination stations of the Republic (Jaunpils or Sigulda)– 3 h lectures and 6 h practical works
4th test Removal of semen, semen evaluation. Sperm physiology, biochemistry, movements. Natural mating and artificial insemination, its work organisation. Conception and gestation, evaluation of its results.
5. Duration of pregnancy. Effects of pregnancy on the maternal organism. Housing, feeding of pregnant animals. Pregnancy abnormality. Signs of approaching of parturation. Parturition, dystocia and assisted parturition. Neonatal care, diseases. Post-partal period. – 3 h lectures and 3 h practical works.
5th Test. Assisted parturition. Practical using a phantom.
6. Postpartum pathology and its influence of the reproduction – 3 h lectures and 3 h practical works
6th test Postpartum period and its pathology.
7. Physiology and anatomy of mammary glands (udder). Investigation of cow udder and milk testing for mastitis – 3 h lectures and 3 h practical works.
7th test Physiology and anatomy of mammary glands (udder). Investigation of cow udder and milk testing for mastitis
Defending of self-dependent work – 6h (3 h lectures and 3 h practical works

Requirements for awarding credit points

Successfully completed 7 tests.
Absence of lectures and practical works are not more than 30% of the total number of lessons. If missed lectures and practical works are more than 30% of the total number of lessons, then the course must be repeated.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Independent work related by reproduction of farm animals and/or udder pathologies and changes of milk quality, where student should study in-depth analysis of the literature (at least 10 literature sources) and describe case up to 10 pages. After submitting the written form of the paper, it should be presented orally with an illustrated PowerPoint presentation of 5 to 7 minutes, expressing the most relevant information on subject, answering questions and justifying the information provided. The work must be submitted and defended within the deadline set by the course supervisor.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Oral and written control of knowledge (in the 10 point system) during lectures and practical works. Control of practical skills with animals. Missed practical work with animal’s student performs in MPS “Vecauce” by prior arrangement with farm veterinarian.
7 tests must be evaluated with a successful grade. The final rating mark shall be composed of the average value of an oral exam, 7 tests and an independent work rating.
If the number of delayed lectures and lessons does not exceed 10% and the colloquia is well and excellent, the examination may be credited automatically. The rest of the examination must be taken orally.

Compulsory reading

1. Afanasjevs I. Veterinārā dzemdniecība un ginekoloģija. Rīga: Zvaigzne, 1983. 360 lpp. Grāmatas atrodas LLU abonementā.
2. Akers R. Michael & Denbow D. Michael. Anatomy & Physiology of Domestic Animals. Blackwell Publishing, first edition, 2008. 612 p. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
3. Brūveris Z., Baumane S., Dūrītis I. Mājdzīvnieku praktiskā anatomija. Medicīnas apgāds, 2018.634 lpp. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā un LLU abonementā.
4. Brūveris Z. Veterinārās histoloģijas pamati. Medicīnas apgāds 2015. 527 lpp. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā un LLU abonementā.
5. Brūveris Z. Mājdzīvnieku anatomija. Rīga: Medicīnas apgāds, 2007. 783 lpp.
6.Peter J. Chenoweth, Steven P. Lorton. Animal Andrology Theories and Applications. FSC, 2014. 568 pp. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
7. Thomas J. Divers, Simon F.Peek. Diseases of Reproductive Diseases (2008). Saunders Elsevier. Chapter Dairy Cattle pp 395 – 443 pp. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
8.Richard M. Hopper Bovine reproduction (2015).- 800 pp. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
9. Kanska I. Govju mākslīgā apsēklošana. Rīga, 2007. 144 lpp.
10. Horst Erich Koning, Hans-Georg Liebich. Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals: Textbook and Colour Atlas, Sixth Edition Hardcover, 2014. http://www.amazon.co.uk/Veterinary-Anatomy-Domestic-Mammals-Textbook/dp/3794528336
11. Angus O. McKinnon, ‎Edward L. Squires, ‎Wendy E. Vaala. Equine Reproduction, 2011. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
12. Morel M.C.G.D. Equine Reproductive Physiology, Breeding and Stud Management. 2015. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
13. Noakes D.E. et al. Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 2009. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
14.Moderna piena ražošanas ferma tehnoloģija, tehnika, apsaimniekošana/ J.Priekuļa red. Jelgava: LLU, 2012, 240.lpp.
15. Senger P.L. Pathways to Pregnancy and Parturition. Current Conceptions, Inc. 2003.pp.373.

16. Eddie Straiton. Calving the Cow& Care of the Calf (2002) The Crowood Press - 132 pp. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.

Compulsory reading

1. Richard M. Hopper Bovine reproduction (2015).- 800 pp. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
2. Eddie Straiton. Calving the Cow& Care of the Calf (2002) The Crowood Press.- 132 pp. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
3. Thomas J. Divers, Simon F.Peek. Diseases of Reproductive Diseases (2008). Saunders Elsevier. Chapter Dairy Cattle pp 395 – 443 pp. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
4. Steven Mc Orist. Pig Disease Identification and Diagnosis Ouide (2014) Cabi. Part 10. Fertility problems in pigs.- P.197 – 225. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
5. Jackson Peter G.G, Cockcroft Peter D. Handbook of pig medicine. Saunders Elsevier, 2007.-296 p. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
6. Phillip R. Scott. Sheep Medicine (2015) CRC press. Chapter 2. Husbandry pp 9 – 20. Chapter 3. Reproductive system pp 21 – 95. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
7. Laura Lawson. Lamb Problems (2004). LDF Publications. Chapter Genitourinary system Disorders, pp 156 – 170. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
8. Sandra G. Solaimon. Goat Science and Production (2010). Wiley – Blackwell. Chapter Applied Reproductive Physiology P. 139 – 156. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
9. Radostits Otto M. Diseases of the Mammary Gland., Veterinary Medicine: A textbook of Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats, 10th Edition, Saunders Elsevier, 2007.- from pages 673 to 762. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
10. Markus Sandholm, Tuula Hankanen-Buzalski, Liisa Kaartinen, Satu Pyorala, The Bovine Udder and Mastitis., University of Helsinki Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Helsinki, 1995.-312 p. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
11. Akers R. Michael & Denbow D. Michael. Anatomy & Physiology of Domestic Animals. Blackwell Publishing, first edition, 2008. 612 p. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
12. Koning Horst Erich, Liebich Hans-Georg. Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals: Textbook and Colour Atlas, Sixth Edition Hardcover, 2014. http://www.amazon.co.uk/Veterinary-Anatomy-Domestic-Mammals-Textbook/dp/3794528336
13. Morel Mina C.B. Davies. Equine Reproductive Physiology, Breeding and Stud Management, 2015.The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
14. Noakes David E et al. Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics, 2009. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
15. Angus O. McKinnon, ‎Edward L. Squires, ‎Wendy E. Vaala. Equine Reproduction, 2011. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
16. Senger P.L. Pathways to Pregnancy and Parturation. Current Conceptions, Inc., 2003. 373 pp. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.

17. Chenoweth Peter J., Lorton Steven P. Animal Andrology Theories and Applications. FSC, 2014. 568 pp. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.

Further reading

1. Jackson Peter G.G, Cockcroft Peter D. Handbook of pig medicine. Saunders Elsevier, 2007.-296 p. Grāmata atrodas LLU lasītavā.
2. Laura Lawson. Lamb Problems (2004). LDF Publications. Chapter Genitourinary system Disorders, pp 156 – 170. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
3. Steven McOrist. Pig Disease Identification and Diagnosis Ouide (2014) Cabi. Part 10. Fertility problems in pigs.- P.197 – 225. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
4. Radostits Otto M. Diseases of the Mammary Gland. Veterinary Medicine: A textbook of Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats, 10th Edition, Saunders Elsevier, 2007- from pages 673 to 762. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
5. Markus Sandholm, Tuula Hankanen-Buzalski, Liisa Kaartinen, Satu Pyorala. The Bovine Udder and Mastitis. University of Helsinki Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Helsinki, 1995.-312 p. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
6. Phillip R. Scott. Sheep Medicine (2015) CRC press. Chapter 2. Husbandry pp 9 – 20. Chapter 3. Reproductive system pp 21 – 95. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.
7. Sandra G. Solaimon. Goat Science and Production (2010). Wiley – Blackwell. Chapter Applied Reproductive Physiology P. 139 – 156. Grāmata atrodas VMF Informācijas centrā.

Further reading

1. Compendium of animal reproduction: 3rd revised edition. – Intervet International B.V., 1997. 279 p. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
2. Arthur Geoffrey H.et. al. Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. London, Philadelphia, Toronto, Sidney, Tokyo, 1996. 726 p. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
3. Richter J., Götze R. Tiergeburtshilfe. Verlag Paul Parey. Berlin und Hamburg, 1993. 642 S. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
4. Steven Mc Orist. Pig Disease Identification and Diagnosis Ouide (2014) Cabi. Part 10. Fertility problems in pigs - P.197 – 225.The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
5. Jackson Peter G.G, Cockcroft Peter D. Handbook of pig medicine. Saunders Elsevier, 2007.-296 p. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
6. Phillip R. Scott. Sheep Medicine (2015) CRC press. Chapter 2. Husbandry pp 9 – 20. Chapter 3. Reproductive system pp 21 – 95. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
7. Laura Lawson. Lamb Problems (2004). LDF Publications. Chapter Genitourinary system Disorders, pp 156 – 170. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
8. Sandra G. Solaimon. Goat Science and Production (2010). Wiley – Blackwell. Chapter Applied Reproductive Physiology P. 139 – 156. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
9. Radostits Otto M. Diseases of the Mammary Gland., Veterinary Medicine: A textbook of Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats, 10th Edition, Saunders Elsevier, 2007.- from pages 673 to 762. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.

10. Markus Sandholm, Tuula Hankanen-Buzalski, Liisa Kaartinen, Satu Pyorala The Bovine Udder and Mastitis., University of Helsinki Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Helsinki, 1995.-312 p. The book is in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Veterinārais žurnāls. Latvijas Veterinārārstu biedrības informatīvs biļetens. ISSN1407-0065. No 2008. gada. Žurnāli atrodami VMF Informācijas centrā.
2. Žurnāls Agrotops 2017 un 2018 gads. Žurnāli atrodami VMF Informācijas centrā.

3. Žurnāls Latvijas lopkopis 2017 un 2018 gads. Žurnāli atrodami VMF Informācijas centrā.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal Veterinary Medicine. Journals are in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.
2. Journal of Veterinary Science ISSN 1229 - 845X. Journals are in Informatics Centre of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.

3. AJAS (Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. www.ajas.info

Notes

Compulsory course of study program Professional Bachelor of Agricultural Sciences, qualification Zootechnics in Breeding, study course Obstetrics and Gynecology
(Vete 4095)