Course code MatZ1006

Credit points 4

Material Science (Textile)

Total Hours in Course160

Number of hours for lectures40

Number of hours for laboratory classes24

Independent study hours96

Date of course confirmation16.02.2016

Responsible UnitInstitute of Education and Home Economics

Course developer

author lect.

Silvija Reihmane

Mg. paed.

Course abstract

The course provides knowledge of textile fibers, yarns and fabrics for the acquisition of technology, structure, composition, properties, and an assortment of finishes, their application in product design development; presentation of the textile quality characteristics and their compatibility with the product to the requirements; with advanced and smart textile applications in product design, textile product recycling opportunities.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

knowledge and understanding of the textile classification, production, properties, production of yarn, fabric mining technology, fabric structure, characteristics, quality, progressive and intelligent textiles and their applications in product design creative development – tests;
skills to analyze, compare and evaluate the range of textile, fiber composition and quality of their compliance with the requirements of the final product and recycling options - laboratory works;
competence - is able to navigate the textile diversity. Able to assess compliance with the textile design requirements and today's technology. Able to track the life-cycle of textile and sees technical and organizational problems associated with textile recycling - independent works.

Course Content(Calendar)

Full time intramural studies:
1.The diversity of textiles in product design.
2.Textile fibers. Fiber terms. Classification of textile fibers. Basic properties of fibers, their characteristics.
3. Natural fibers. Plant country fibers. Cotton, mining, fiber structure, physical, chemical properties. Peculiarities of fiber burning. Linen, extraction, processing, types, fiber structure, physical, chemical properties. Peculiarities of fiber burning. Other vegetable fibers (hemp, jute, etc.).
Laboratory work: Textile fiber classification, properties and burning characteristics I, (2h)
4. Natural fibers. Animal State Fiber. Sheep wool, use, extraction, wool types, pre-treatment. Wool fibers and their structure, breakdown, physical, chemical properties. Peculiarities of fiber burning. Other animal wool (goats, camels, dogs, etc.). Natural silk, creation of cocoons. Raw silk, pre-treatment, physical and chemical properties of fibers, peculiarities of combustion.
Laboratory work: Textile fiber classification, properties and burning characteristics II, (2h)
5.Chemical fibers. Their breakdown. Stages of chemical fiber production. Spinning machines. Fayers. Creation of fibers. Artificial fibers, properties, peculiarities: rayon, acetate fibers, Synthetic fibers, properties, versatility.
Laboratory work: Textile fiber classification, properties and burning characteristics III, (2h)
Test 1: textile fibers, their classification, properties, extraction
6. Fabric acquisition technology: Spinning. Types, properties of textile yarns. Weaving.
Laboratory Work: Types of Yarns and Characteristics of Burning Yarns of Different Compositions, (2h)
7. Furnishing of fabrics: cotton, linen, wool, natural silk, chemical fiber fabrics.
Laboratory Work: Fabric Finishing, (2h)
8. Structure, composition and properties of fabrics. Structure of yarn and yarn. Woven fabrics for fabrics. Density of fabrics. Right and left fabric structure. Fabric fiber composition. Geometrical properties of fabrics and surface density. Mechanical properties of fabrics. The physical properties of fabrics. Optical properties of fabrics, color, pattern and coloring. Technological properties of fabrics.
Laboratory Work: Fabric Weaving Types (2h)
9. Characterization of the assortment of fabrics. Assortment of cotton fabrics. Assortment of woolen fabrics. Assortment of silk fabrics. Assortment of linen fabrics. Assorted fiber fabric assortment.
Laboratory Work: Character Collection (2h)
Laboratory Work: Textile Analysis (2h)
Test 2: fabric construction, technological solutions, fabric analysis
10. Knitwear, structure, features and assortment.
11. Textile compliance with product design.
Independent work: Textiles as a design element
12. Advanced and intelligent textiles.
Independent work: Use of advanced and intelligent textiles in product design
13. Technical and organizational possibilities for textile and textile recycling.
Independent work: Recycling of textiles

Part time extramural studies:

All topics specified for full time studies are accomplished, but the number of contact hours is one half of the number specified in the calendar

Requirements for awarding credit points

85% of contact classes visited
Laboratory works developed and defended
Successfully written tests
Independent works have been successfully presented and defended
Participation in study tours
Exam (accumulative exam if all the above requirements are met)

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Students are informed in a timely manner about tests and exam requirements. Individual consultations are available.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Controls - successfully passed if there is 50% of the max points
Laboratory works - credited / not passed
Independent study papers - observance of the set requirements, presentation

Compulsory reading

1. Baltiņa I. Metodiskie norādījumi laboratorijas darbiem tekstilmateriālzinībās. Rīga: RTU izdevniecība, 2007. 43 lpp. 2. Cardon D. Natural dyes: sources, tradition, technology and science. London: Archetype Publications, 2007. 778 p. 3. Colchester C. Textiles today: a global survey of trends and traditions. London: Thames & Hudson, 2007. 208 p. 4. Handbook of textile fibre structure. Oxford: Woodhead; Boca Raton, 2009. 2 vol. 150 p. 5. Identification of textile fibers. Edited by M. M. Houck. Oxford: Woodhead Publ.; Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2010. 375 p. 6. Maļceva J. Šūšanas materiālmācība. Rīga: Zvaigzne, 1988. 210 lpp. 7. Progresīvie tekstilmateriāli (b.g) [tiešsaiste] [Skatīts 2015.gada 1.septembrī]. Pieejams: http://www.rtu.lv/component/option,com_docman/task,doc_download/gid,5070/tekstilmateriali_rtu.pdf

Further reading

1. Advances in textile biotechnology. Cambridge; Philadelphia: Woodhead Publishing, 2010. 338 p. 2. Albers A. On weaving. New York: Dover Publications, 2003. 204 p. 3. Alsupe A. Audumi Latgalē 20. gadsimtā. Rīga: Tautas mākslas centrs, 2008. 276 lpp. 4. Cardon D. Natural dyes: sources, tradition, technology and science. London: Archetype Publications, 2007. 778 p. 5. Colchester C. Textiles today: a global survey of trends and traditions. London: Thames & Hudson, 2007. 208 p. 6. Cole D. Textiles now. London: Lawrence King, 2008. 271 p. 7. Dapkūniene K. Investigation and evaluation of textile materials and their fused systems tailorability and performance properties: summary of doctoral dissertation: technological sciences, materials engineering. Kaunas University of Technology. Kaunas: Technologija, 2008. 30 p. 8. Handbook of nonwovens. Cambridge: Woodhead Publ., 2007. 530 p. 9. Handbook of textile fibre structure. Oxford: Woodhead; Boca Raton. 2 vol. 2009. 150 p. 10. Hardy Alain-René. Art deco textiles: the French designers: with 316 illustrations, 304 in colour. London: Thames & Hudson, 2003. 255 p. 11. Hongu T. New millennium fibers. Cambridge: Woodhead Publ.; Boca Raton, CRC Press,2005. 299 p. 12. Identification of textile fibers. Edited by M. M. Houck. Oxford: Woodhead Publ.; Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2010. 375 lpp. 13. Kanceviča V. Audumu struktūra un projektēšana. Rīga: RTU, 2003. 153 lpp. 14. Karlsone A. Mājaustie apģērba audumi Latvijā 19. gs. pēdējā ceturksnī un 20.gs.: promocijas darbs vēstures doktora (Dr. hist.) grāda iegūšanai. Rīga: Latvijas Universitātes Latvijas vēstures inst., 2002. 207 lpp. 15. Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles. Oxford: Woodhead Publ, 2009. 528 p. 16. Prīberga D. Mežģīņu tehnoloģiju attīstība un lietošanas tradīcijas Latvijas teritorijā: promocijas darbs. Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte. Materiālzinātnes un lietišķās ķīmijas fakultātes Tekstilmateriālu tehnoloģiju un dizaina institūts. Rīga: Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte, 2009. 212 lpp. 17. Synthetic fibres: nylon, polyester, acrylic, polyolefin. Cambridge: Woodhead Publ.; Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2005. 300 p.

Periodicals and other sources

1. http://www.studija.lv 2. Žurnāls "DEKO", Santa, 2000.- ISSN 1407-7027 3. Žurnāls "Studija. Māksla Plus". ISSN 1407-3404

Notes

Compulsory Course in TF Professional Bachelor Study Program "Design and Crafts", 2nd year 3rd semester full and 1st year 2nd semester part time studies