Course code BūvZ3139

Credit points 3

# Engineering Geodesy and Topographic Surveying I

Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for lectures16

Number of hours for laboratory classes32

Independent study hours72

Date of course confirmation23.02.2021

Responsible UnitDepartment of Land Management and Geodesy

lect.

Mg. sc. ing.

prof.

## Armands Celms

Dr. sc. ing.

### Prior knowledge

BūvZ3135, Geodesy I

### Course abstract

In the study course students practically acquire the theory and practice of geodesy application in solving various engineering tasks and topography. Learns to perform calculations and graphic works for the development of the road project, to perform the technical substantiation of the developed work. Learns topographic surveying methods. Learns to process topographic measurement data. Learn topographic notation. Acquires skills for making a topographic plan.

### Learning outcomes and their assessment

1. Knows geodetic methods and applied geodetic instruments in the feasibility study of the surveying structure of engineering structures and the organization of topographic measurements; laboratory works
2. Knows the principles and methods of representation of engineering structures in cartographic materials, the use of geodetic instruments necessary for topographic measurement, the scales of topographic plans.
3. Can perform mathematical processing of geodetic measurement results, evaluate their accuracy; homework
4. Can develop a road route project; laboratory works
5. Is able to find a favourable, technically justified road location in the area corresponding to the road design conditions, to determine the dimensions of structures, to calculate the volumes of construction works. Knows how to choose topographic surveying, measurement processing, and topographic plan production methods. Terrain representation in a topographic plan. Representation of underground engineering communications. Test 2

### Course Content(Calendar)

Full-time studies:
1. Tasks, content, and significance of engineering geodesy in various sectors of the national economy; (2h)
2. Topographic research of construction sites and routes. Situation elements to be represented in the plan; (3h)
3. Compilation of route plan and profiles, design in profiles; Task and content of topographic surveys (3h)
4. General principles of demarcation of structures and required accuracy; (3h)
5. Determining and securing the main axes of the structure. Horizontal and inclined site marking; (3h)
6. Geodetic works in the construction process; (3h)
7. Geodetic performance measurements during construction and after completion of construction works; (3h)
8 .Achieving accuracy in performing topographic measurements. (3h)
Test 1 (1h)
9. Determination of deformations of structures. Causes and types of deformations of buildings; (2h)
10. Remote sensing methods for observation of building deformations; (3h)
11. Geodetic works in bridge construction; (3h)
12. Geodetic works in the construction of engineering communications; (3h)
13. Geodetic works in the construction of underground communications - trenching, marking of surface communications; (3h)
14. Geodetic works in the assembly of technological equipment; (3h)
15. Geodetic substantiation for the control of the plan and height condition of technological equipment; (3h)
16. Compilation and design of a topographic plan. (3h)
Test 2 (1h)

Part-time studies:

All topics specified for full-time studies are implemented, but the number of contact hours is 1/2 of the specified number of hours

### Requirements for awarding credit points

Written exam.
- test on the theoretical subject acquired in the study course;
- practical task on the topics acquired in the study course laboratory works and homework.
All laboratory works, tests, homework must be included.

### Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

1. homework.
Research of engineering geodetic measurement process for a specific object during construction or operation period (volume at least 15 pages, submitted electronically, presented);
2. homework.
Development of a geodetic observation plan for a specific construction object (developed graphic project and descriptive part, submitted in electronic form, presented).
Feasibility study of the object necessary for surveying the topographic plan, selected geodetic instruments, geodetic substantiation of the topographic plan, elements of the surface and underground situation to be displayed in the topographic plan, representation of boundaries and protection zones in topographic plans

### Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

The evaluation of the examination of the study course depends on the evaluation of the theoretical questions and the solution of the task of the examination, and the cumulative evaluation of the study course tests and homework. All planned laboratory works must be completed and credited. Attendance at lectures must be at least 75% of the total.
A student can obtain a successful mark on a test or exam test if at least 50% of the test questions are answered correctly.
Students who study this course test mark at least 7, examination theoretical examination may not fulfill the test, and the theoretical assessment equated to the average of the course test marks.
The examination mark is calculated as the arithmetic mean of the examination tasks and the average semester mark, which is calculated as the arithmetic means of the marks of the tests and homework taken in the study course.

1. Helfriča B., Bīmane I., Kronbergs M., Zuments U. Ģeodēzija. Rīga: LĢIA, 2007. 262 lpp.
2. Žagars J., Zvirgzds J., Kaminskis J. Globālās navigāciju satelītu sistēmas (GNSS). Ventspils: Ventspils Augstskola, 2014. 231 lpp.
3. Клюшин Е.Б., Киселев М.И. и др. Инженерная геодезия. Учебник для вузов. Е.Б.Клюшин, М.И. Киселев и др. Москва: Изд. Центр « Академия», 2004.
4. Ogundare J. O. Precision Surveying: The Principles and Geomatics Practice. Hoboken, NJ: Willey, 2015. 648 pp.

1. Noteikumi par Latvijas būvnormatīvu LBN 005-15 "Inženierizpētes noteikumi būvniecībā": Ministru kabineta noteikumi Nr.334 [tiešsaiste]. Pieņemts 30.06.2015. Stājas spēkā 01.07.2015. [Skatīts 01.03.2021.]. Pieejams: https://likumi.lv/ta/id/275007-noteikumi-par-latvijas-buvnormativu-lbn-005-15-inzenierizpetes-noteikumi-buvnieciba
2. Nivelēšanas I, II un III klases nivelēšanas instrukcija. Rīga, 2001. 96 lpp. .
3. Andersons G., Siņajeva R. Autoceļu projektēšana. Jelgava: LLU, 2000.
4. Par autoceļiem: LR likums [tiešsaiste]. Pieņemts 11.03.1992. Stājas spēkā 02.04.1992. [Skatīts 01.03.2021.]. Pieejams: https://likumi.lv/ta/id/65363-par-autoceliem
5. Noteikumi par Latvijas būvnormatīvu LBN 305-15 "Ģeodēziskie darbi būvniecībā ": Ministru kabineta noteikumi Nr. 325 [tiešsaiste]. Rīgā Pieņemts 16.06.2015. Stājas spēkā 01.07.2015. [Skatīts 01.03.2021.]. Pieejams: https://likumi.lv/ta/id/274935-noteikumi-par-latvijas-buvnormativu-lbn-305-15-geodeziskie-darbi-buvnieciba
6. Augstas detalizācijas topogrāfiskās informācijas un tās centrālās datubāzes noteikumi: MK noteikumi Nr. 281 [tiešsaiste]. Pieņemts 24.04.2012. Stājas spēkā 27.04.2012. [Skatīts 01.03.2021.]. Pieejams: https://likumi.lv/ta/id/246998-augstas-detalizacijas-topografiskas-informacijas-un-tas-centralas-datubazes-noteikumi
7.Auziņš A., Reiniks M. Apvidus topogrāfiskā uzmērīšana: metodiskie norādījumi”. Rīga, 2014. 79 lpp. Pieejams: http://lmb.lv/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/ATU_30092014.pdf

### Periodicals and other sources

https://geo-matching.com/
https://www.gim-international.com/
https://www.lgia.gov.lv/
http://lmb.lv/
http://leica.com/
https://trimble.com
Metodiskie norādījumi veicot digitālo topogrāfisko uzmērīšanu un digitālo topogrāfisko plānu zīmēšanu. VZD. Rīga, 2003. Pieejams: https://www.vzd.gov.lv/lv/topografija/topo_instr_met_nor_60fe81.pdf

### Notes

In professional higher education bachelor study program “Land Management and Surveying” full-time studies and part-time studies