Course code LauZ5032

Credit points 4

Supply of Nutrients

Total Hours in Course160

Number of hours for lectures32

Number of hours for laboratory classes32

Independent study hours96

Date of course confirmation28.10.2011

Responsible UnitInstitute of Animal Science

Course developer

author Dzīvnieku zinātņu institūts

Aiga Nolberga-Trūpa

Dr. agr.

Course abstract

In this studies course enclose characteristics of nutrients and its importance in metabolic processes and animal produced production. Will be taught protein and it fractions, carbohydrates and it forms, lipids and fatty acids, mineral substances, vitamins it requirements and possibility of supply for different species and physiological groups of animals.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

The Master students acquire profound knowledge on the nutrients and their significance for the metabolism on the animal organism and production of produce. The Master students acquire the need for (norms) and supply of protein and its forms, carbohydrates and their types and groups, crude fats and fatty acid groups, mineral substances, including macro- and microelements, vitamins for animals of different species, age groups and productivity. Successful passed practical works. The Master students acquire skills regarding the main principles of nutrient rationing for animals of different species and groups, and how to choose the most appropriate types of feed, additives and preparation to meet the requirements in relation to feeding norms. Successful defense of a public report. As a result, the Master students are competent to apply the acquired skills, abilities and argue own opinion within the process of professional development, as well as to analyze more profoundly the scientific literature and to perform independent scientific research on feeding of animals. Successful passed final exam.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Division of nutrients and role in animal diet.
2. The role of nutrients in animal metabolism and production.
3. Feed dry matter as a criterion for rationing in animal nutrition.
4. Crude protein, its role in animal metabolism and production.
5. Protein ranking and characterization by amino acid content and biological value.
6. Principles of protein rationing.
7. Carbohydrates, their various forms and role in animal nutrition.
8. The role of carbohydrate fractions NDF and ADF in animal nutrition.
9. Crude fat, their role in animal nutrition.
10. Crude fats requirements for animals of different species and groups.
11. Minerals, their rationing and supply in animal nutrition.
12. Principles of rationing mineral elements in animal nutrition.
13. Organization of animal supply to minerals.
14. Vitamins, their role and supply in animal nutrition.
15. Avitaminosis, hypovitaminosis, hypervitaminosis.
16. Organization of animal supply to vitamins.

Requirements for awarding credit points

To ensure access to exam (in writing), Master students have to comply with course requirements, i.e. amount of classwork, practical works and defense of a report in accordance with course cpecification have to be evaluated positively.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Independent work on the issues marked by the study course. Literature studies, make of a report on a certain topic.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Successful assessment in the report and exam. The report accounts for 40% of the total evaluation and 60% of the total evaluation.

Compulsory reading

1. Osītis U. Dzīvnieku ēdināšana. LLU. Jelgava. 2005. 312 lpp. 2. Osītis U. Dzīvnieku ēdināšana kompleksā skatījumā. Ozolnieki. 2004. 364 lpp. 3. Osītis U. Govju ēdināšana. Ozolnieki. LLKC. 2002. 46 lpp. 4. Osītis U., Strikauska S., Grundmane A. Lopbarības analīžu rezultātu analīžu rezultātu apkopojums. Jelgava, 2000. 61. lpp. 5. Latvietis J. Lopbarība. SIA Latvijas Lauku konsultāciju un izglītības centrs. Ozolnieki. 2013. 308 lpp. 6. Osītis U. Barības līdzekļu novērtēšana atgremotāju ēdināšanā. Jelgava, LLU, 1998. 98 lpp. 7. McDonald P., Edwards R.A., et al. Elektroniski pieejams: http://gohardanehco.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Animal-Nutrition.pdf

Further reading

1. Degola L., Trūpa A., Aplociņa E. Lopbarības ķīmiskās analīzes un sagremojamība. Elektroniski pieejams: http://www.vbf.llu.lv/sites/vbf/files/files/lapas/Lopbarības%20ķīmiskās....pdf
2. Lopbarības analīžu rezultātu apkopojums. Elektroniski pieejams: http://www.laukutikls lv/sites/laukutikls.lv/files/upload/piena_rokasgramata/54_lopbariba_internetam.pdf
3. Minerālvielas liellopiem. Elektroniski pieejams:http://laukutikls. lv/sites/laukutikls.lv/files/informativie_materiali/minerali_2016_internetam_new_pdf
4. Dryden G. Animal Nutrition Science. CABI; First edition. 2008, 302.p ISBN- 10: 9781845934125.

Periodicals and other sources

Maģistra studiju programma Lauksaimniecība, apakšvirziens Lopkopība, brīvās izvēles studiju kurss (B daļa).

Notes

Supply of Nutrients