Course code Vete6040

Credit points 3

Internal Medicine, Herd Health III

Total Hours in Course120

Number of hours for lectures24

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes36

Independent study hours60

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developers

author Klīniskais institūts

Laima Liepa

Dr. med. vet.

author Klīniskais institūts

Ilga Šematoviča

Dr. med. vet.

author Klīniskais institūts

Dana Laizāne

Professional programme(līm.)

Prior knowledge

Ķīmi1028, Inorganic Chemistry

Ķīmi3004, Biochemistry

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete2016, Animal and Environmental Hygiene I

Vete2017, Animal and Environmental Hygiene II

Vete2018, Animal and Environmental Hygiene III

Vete4019, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics III

Vete4036, General Pathology I

Vete4037, General Pathology II

Vete4078, Internal Medicine, Herd Health I

Vete4104, Forage Production and Animal Nutrition III

Vete4105, Pharmacology, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology I

Vete4109, Internal Medicine, Herd Health II

Vete4110, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete4111, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Internal medicine and herd health III consist of three parts: Equine internal diseases (lecturer Dana Laizāne), Pig internal diseases (docent Ilga Šematoviča) and Herd health (associate professor Laima Liepa). In this course students learn definitions of internal diseases of horses and pigs, epidemiology, aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis principles and disease treatment and prevention options. In the Herd health part, students learn how to evaluate health of the livestock, and how to deal with health problems in the herd - taking into account economic considerations. Students write and present CCRA, where they independently analyse one herd health problem.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

• Knowledge of causes, pathogenesis, clinical findings, treatment and prophylaxis of equine and pig diseases; knowledge of clinical examination methods; knowledge of collection of anamnesis data, about application of clinical symptoms and results of laboratory analyses in the differential diagnosis of disease and about limitations of the use of treated animal products for human consumption; knowledge of causes and prevention of herd health problems. – Tests.
• Skills to communicate effectively with clients, to collect anamnesis data, to interpret results of clinical and laboratory examination for differentiation diagnosis of diseases, to establish diagnosis, providing first aid; to determine the herd's health problem, analyze the causes and prepare a plan for the prevention of a problem –CCRA. Practical work.
• Competence to explain the pathogenesis of diseases; to establish diagnosis; to create a treatment plan of different diseases and herd health problem solving plan. – Presentation of the CCRA. Tests.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Equine respiratory diseases.
Upper respiratory tract diseases. Pneumonia. Pleuropneumonia. Equine asthma syndrome. Exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage. - Lectures 2 hours.
Clinical examination of the horse. Thoracic ultrasound. Respiratory endoscopy. Airway sampling (tracheal wash, bronchoalveolar lavage). Clinical case discussion. – Practical work 4 hours. Test (1st theme).
2. Equine gastrointestinal diseases.
Colic - classification, definition, diagnostics, treatment. Equine gastric ulcer syndrome. Enteritis. Colitis. Obstructive colic.- Lectures 2 hours.
Examination of the gastrointestinal system. Abdominal ultrasound. Gastroscopy. Clinical case discussion. – Practical work 2 hours. Test (2nd theme).
3. Equine endocrine and metabolic diseases. Myopathies. Equine skin diseases. Cellulitis. Lymphangitis.
Rhabdomyolysis. Cushing’s disease. Metabolic syndrome. Hyperlipemia. Hyperlipidemia. Laminitis.- Lectures 2 hours.
Laboratory diagnosis of endocrine disease. Clinical case discussion. Distal dermatitis. Skin neoplasia. Cellulitis. Lymphangitis. – Practical work - 4 hours.
4. Equine cardiovascular diseases.
Congenital and acquired heart diseases. Arrhythmias. Heart failure. Jugular thrombophlebitis. Lectures 2 h.
Examination of the cardiovascular disease. Electrocardiography. Echocardiography. Clinical case discussion. – Practical work 2 h. Test (3rd, 4th themes)
6. Introduction into Internal Diseases of Pigs. – Lectures 2 hours.
Diseases of pre-weaning, post-weaning and fattening period of pigs. Diseases of breeder pigs. – Practical work 3hours.
5. Respiratory, digestive tract diseases and metabolic disorders of pigs – Lectures 2 h.
Bronchopneumonia, gastritis, enteritis, gastric ulceration, metabolic diseases. – Practical work 3 hours. Test (6th, 7th themes).
8. Introduction. Herd health audit. Control of feeding quality and metabolic disorders in dairy cows’ herd. - Lectures 3 hours.
Control of feedstuffs’ quality and composition of ration. – Practical work 3 hours.
9. Control of reproductive management, milking hygiene, mastitis in dairy cows’ herd. - Lectures 3 hours.
The herd milk quality and reproductive data reports. The newest technologies in dairy herd management.– CCRA preparation rules, questionnaire development, topics. Analyses of herd health problems.- Practical work 4 hours.
10. Evaluation of the health management of calves and growing heifers. Lectures 3 hours.
Evaluation of the herd welfare, its impact on the herd's health and productivity. Analyses of the herd health problem. Preparing questionare for CCRA.– Practical work 3 hours.
11. Controle of the herd infections. Health controle of the goat and sheep herds. - Lectures 3 hours.
Two herd health visits (audits) on cow, sheep or goat farms. The analyses of herd health problems. – Practical work 8 hours. Test (8th, 9th, 10th, 11th themes).
12. Written CCRA work and presentation.

Requirements for awarding credit points

Successfully passed CCRA (printed example and Power Point presentation) and five tests as a basis for access to exam. If attendance of laboratory work is missed more than 30 %, the study course should be repeated.
The theoretical questions of Vete4109 and Vete6040 are included in the exam at the end of the course Internal Medicine, Herd Health III. The exam mark is calculated: it is the arithmetic mean of the test and the orally answered one clinical case analysis. If CCRA is evaluated with 5 or 4 points, then the exam mark may be reduced for 1 point.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Students learn independently how to obtain information from the recommended veterinary literature, websites about Equine and Swine diseases not involved in this course. Students independently prepare CCRA: to study results of herd health visit, recognize the health problem and its causes in the herd of productive animals, develop a problem solution plan; prepare and present the Power Point presentation of CCRA.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Tests of the study course and Power Point presentation of CCRA are evaluated in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point grading scale indicated in the LLU Study Regulations.
In order to get the access to the exam of the study course, four tests, a printed CCRA and Power Point presentation of CCRA must be evaluated with a successful mark. The exam mark is calculated: it is the arithmetic mean of the orally answered two theoretical questions and one clinical case analysis. If CCRA is evaluated with 5 or 4 points, then the exam mark may be reduced for 1 point.

Compulsory reading

1. Radostits O.M., Gay C.C., Hinchcliff K.W., Constable P.D. Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. 10th ed. London: Saunders, 2008. 1548 p. 2. Equine Internal Medicine. 4th edition. S. Reed, W. Bayly, D. Sellon. London: Saunders, 2017. 1488 p. 3. Respiratory Diseases of the Horse. L. Couetil, J. Hawkin. London : Manson Publishing, 2013. 237 p. 4. Cardiology of the Horse. 2nd edition. C. Marr, M. Bowen. London: Saunders, 2010. 320 p. 5. Equine Medicine, Surgery and Reproduction. 2nd edition. T. Mair, S. Love, J. Schumacher, R. Smith, G. Frazer. London: Saunders, 2011. 624 p. 6. Zimmerman J.J., Karriker L.A., Ramirez A., Schwartz K.J., Stevenson G.W. Diseases of Swine. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. 983 p. 7. Cockcroft P.D. Bovine Medicine. 3rd ed. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. 659 p. 8. Dairy Herd Health. Ed. by M. Green. United Kingdom: CAB International. 2012. 327 p. 9. Radostitis O. M. Herd Health: Food Animal Production Medicine. 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2001. 885 p.

Further reading

1. The Merck veterinary manual. Editor-in-chief: S.E. Aiello. 1th edition. Kenilworth: Merck Sharp & Dohme, 2016. 3325 p. 2. Meyer D., Harvey J.W. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine: Interpretation and Diagnosis. 3rd ed. 2004. 532 p. 3. Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 7-th ed. Edit. by H.R.Adams. USA: Jowa State University Press / AMES, 1995. 1181 p. 4. Equine Respiratory diseases. B. Rush, T. Mair. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. 344 p. 5. Jackson P.G., Cockcroft P.D. Handbook of pig medicine. London, Edinburgh ... [etc.]: Saunders Elsevier, 2007. 296 p.

Periodicals and other sources

1. The Veterinary Journal. ISSN 1090-0233 2. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Wiley Blackwel. ISSN: 1939-1676 3. Equine Veterinary Education. Wiley Blackwell, ISSN:2042-3292 4. Equine Veterinary Journal. Wiley Blackwell, ISSN:2042-3306


The compulsory course name of the study programme Veterinary medicine
is: Internal Medicine, Herd Health III (course code: Vete 6040)