Course code Vete6027

Credit points 1

Internal Medicine, Pathology

Total Hours in Course40

Date of course confirmation26.11.2014

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author Klīniskais institūts

Laima Liepa

Dr. med. vet.

Course abstract

The students must acquire all the themes included in the State Exam, which are formulated in the test questions. At the exam, the level of students’ theoretical knowledge is tested and their ability to use it when thinking about the animal as an undivided organism in context of internal diseases and associated pathological changes.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Learning Outcomes (knowledge, skills and competences):
The student should be able to demonstrate:
Knowledge: about the structure and functions of animal organs; the aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment of common diseases in the common domestic species; medicines legislation and guidelines on responsible use of medicines; the principles of disease prevention. – Test.
Skills: communicate effectively with clients, the lay public and colleagues, using language in a form appropriate to audience and the context; be aware of the ethical responsibilities of the veterinary surgeon in relation to individual animal care and client relations; act with regard to the veterinary surgeon’s professional and ethical codes, be aware of personal limitations. – Test.
Competence: obtain an accurate and relevant history of the ill animal; handle and restrain an animal safely and humanely; perform a complete clinical examination and collect, preserve and transport samples; perform laboratory tests and interpret results of those; advice and administe

Course Content(Calendar)

Students' independent work is planned for 20 hours in which they must prepare for the exam on the following topics:
1. Review lectures "Cardiovascular system, Physiology of the respiratory system, Clinical examination, diseases"
2. Review lectures "Physiology, clinical examination, Diseases of the gastrointestinal system (including liver)"
3. Review lectures "Stress reaction physiology. Metabolic diseases, their laboratory diagnostics "
4. Review lectures "Physiology of the urinary system, diseases, their laboratory diagnostics"
5. Review lectures "Cutaneous and central nervous diseases"
6. Review lectures "Hypovitaminoses and hypomicroelementoses, their clinical diagnosis, treatment, prevention"
7. Review lectures " Animals’ poisoning with mycotoxins, plant-based toxic substances, nutrients and feed additives, environmental contaminants"
8. Review lectures "Herd health control of cows: cows feeding quality, metabolic disorders, calf rearing and reproduction management"
9. Review lectures "Pharmacodynamics, NSAIDs and pharmacodynamics of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids"
10. Review lectures "Drug interaction and selection principles for the treatment of animal diseases"
11. Review lectures "Animal necropsy: procedure, documentation, sampling and disposal of animal bodies
12. Review lectures " Inflammation process: types, causes, morphology and pathogenesis "
13. Review lectures "Respiratory system pathologies, their morphology and pathogenesis"
14. Review lectures "Gastrointestinal system pathologies, their morphology and pathogenesis"
15. Review lectures "Tumors, their classification, morphology, pathogenesis and etiology"
16. Review lectures "Forensic veterinary examination, procedure for designation, expert testimony"

Requirements for awarding credit points

All courses of studies must have been previously mastered and successfully passed in accordance to requirements of the program. The State Exam consists of the test. The test consist of 100 theoretical questions.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Students independently repeat the previously acquired knowledge of courses in connection with the State Exam questions.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

To be able to successfully pass the test, there must be at least 65% correct answers. The mark of the State Exam consist of the test evaluation expressed in points, evaluation on a 10-point scale in accordance with the LLU Study Regulations. Written test is evaluated by all members of the State Examination Commission.

Compulsory reading

1. Radostits O.M., Gay C.C., Hinchcliff K.W., Constable P.D. A text book of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. 10th Edition, “Saunders”, 2008, 1548 p.
2. Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Edit. by H.R.Adams. Jowa State University Press . AMES. 7-th ed. 1999, 1181 p.
3. Veterinary Forensics: Animal Cruelty Investigations. Ed. Merck M.D., USA Blackwell Publishing, 2007, 460 p.
4. "Pathological basis of Veterinary Disease". Edit. by McGavin and Zachary. Mosby (Elseriver), St.Louis, Missouri, USA, 2007, 1476 p.
5. Dairy Herd Health. Ed. by M. Green. CAB International. 2012, 327 p.

Further reading

6. Cockcroft P .D. Bovine Medicine. 3rd ed. Wiley & Sons. 2015, 659 p.
7. Radostitis O. M. Herd Health: Food Animal Production Medicine. 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Saunders. 2001, 885 p.
8. Tiesu medicīnas esence. Teteris O./Rīga, Rasa ABC,2004., 328 lpp.
9. Nelson R.W., Couto C.G. Small Animal Internal Medicine. Mosby, 2-nd ed. 1998.

Periodicals and other sources

1. The Veterinary Journal, ISSN 1090-0233
2. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine - Wiley Blackwel, ISSN: 1939-1676
3. Equine Veterinary Education. Wiley Blackwell, ISSN:2042-3292
4. Equine Veterinary Journal. Wiley Blackwell, ISSN:2042-3306


The name of compulsory State Exam of the study programme Veterinary medicine
is: Internal Medicine, Pathology (course code: Vete 6027)