Course code Vete4111

Credit points 3

Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Total Hours in Course60

Number of hours for lectures32

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes28

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author Klīniskais institūts

Ilmārs Dūrītis

Dr. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

Ķīmi3016, Organic Chemistry

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete4036, General Pathology I

Vete4037, General Pathology II

Vete4110, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Clinical diagnosis study gives students acquire following subjects: General, special and additional diagnostic methods of animal clinical examination; Practical skills to use diagnostic methods, according clinical examination scheme; Knowledge’s of semiology and symptom pathogenesis; Veterinary laboratory methods (clinical pathology): haematology, clinical chemistry, urinalysis; discussion of laboratory data; Principles of differential diagnosis and path to diagnosis. At the end of the Laboratory Diagnosis students acquire knowledge and skills required in all clinical subjects.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

After completing the course student will have: Knowledge of: - clinical symptoms expression and development in different pathologies; animal fixation methods and clinical examination techniques; indications when to use additional clinical examination methods (inspection, auscultation, palpation, percussion); interpretation of laboratory test results in examination of different biological substrates (blood, urine, feces, expectoration, etc.). 6 tests.
Skills to: - obtain anamnesis of the patient, use general examination methods (inspection, palpation, auscultation, percussion) to carry out clinical examination of different species animals (horses, cows, pigs, goats, sheep, dogs, cats). Use animal fixation methods in order to examine specific organs or systems of organs, as well as perform necessary diagnostic manipulations (catheterization, tubing etc). Correctly obtain and store samples for laboratory diagnostic. Assessment of skills acquisition in practical works.
Competence to: recognize the symptoms; confirm the clinical diagnosis

Course plan

1. Examination of the heart region. Heart beat. Heart percussion. Symptoms. (3,5h)
2. Heart auscultation. Heart tones. Murmurs. (3,5h)
Test
3. ECG recording, analysis. Arrhythmias. (3,5h)
Test
4. Examination of abdominal region. (3,5h)
5. Examination of rumen, reticulum, omasum. (3,5h)
6. Auscultation of abdominal region. Intestinal peristalsis. (3,5h)
7. Horse examination in case of a colic’s. (3,5h)
8. Rectal examination. (3,5h)
Test
9. Examination of liver. Icterus. (3,5h)
10. Defecatio. Feaces. (3,5h)
11. Diarrhoea. (3,5h)
Test
12. Examination of urinary tract. Syndromes of renal failure. (3,5h)
13. Urinalysis. (3,5h)
14. Haematological examination. (3,5h)
Test
15. Basics of neurological examination. (3,5h)
16. Basic principles for determining herd’s health. (3,5h)
Test
Total: 24 lectures, 36 practical works.

Requirements for awarding credit points

Colloquiums must be scored with a successful grade in order to get the final grade of the study course "passed".
Absence of practical work is not more than 30% of the total number of lessons. If missed practical works are more than 30% of the total number of lessons, then the course must be repeated. Final grade of the study course Clinical and laboratory diagnostic I "passed", passed exam.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Students are provided with access to e-learning materials. Throughout the semester, student practice are organized at the Veterinary Clinic, thus ensuring the theoretical knowledge is strengthened in practice, ensuring the acquisition of practical clinical skills.
Clinical and Epidemiological Case Studies (KEGA) work in the clinical examination of a sick animal according to a generally accepted scheme, identifying symptoms, describing them, analysing their origin and their interrelations. In conclusion, the student put forward a hypothetical diagnosis.
After submitting the written form of work, it must be defended by individual discussions with the course supervisor. The work must be submitted and defended within the deadline set by the course supervisor.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Students' knowledge and skills are assessed in accordance with the procedures specified in the tasks of the practical works.
Tests is evaluated in accordance with the 10 point system scale criteria indicated in the LLU Study Regulations.
In the work of the examination, in order to get the lowest successful rating, at least 70% of the test questions must be answered correctly and student should be able to analyze the given clinical case.

Compulsory reading

1. Jemeļjanovs Ļ., Manevičs Z., Dūrītis I. Dzīvnieku iekšķīgo slimību klīniskā diagnostika. Jelgava, 2007. 242 lpp 2. Jemeļjanovs Ļ., Dūrītis I., Beinerts J. Dzīvnieku iekšķīgo slimību laboratoriskā diagnostika. Jelgava, 2010. 95 lpp 3. Jemeļjanovs Ļ., Dūrītis I. Dzīvnieku klīniskā izmeklēšana. Jelgava, 2007 4. Latimer K.S., Mahaffey E.A., Prasse K.W. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine. Clinical pathology. 4th Edition. , USA: Blackwell, 2003. 450 p.

Further reading

1. Kahn M.C., Line S. The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2010 2. Meyer D., Harvey J.W. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine: Interpretation and Diagnosis. 3rd ed. 2004. 532 p 3. Baumgartner W. Klinische Propadeutik der Haus- und Heimtiere. Parey, 2009. 525 p.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Wiley Blackwel. ISSN: 1939-1676 2. The Veterinary Journal. ISSN 1090-0233

Notes

Compulsory course of study programme Veterinary medicine