Course code Vete4080

Credit points 1.50

Small Animal Reproduction

Total Hours in Course60

Number of hours for lectures20

Number of hours for laboratory classes10

Independent study hours30

Date of course confirmation22.11.2017

Responsible UnitClinical Institute

Course developer

author Klīniskais institūts

Evija Eihvalde

Mg. med. vet.

Prior knowledge

Vete2013, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals I

Vete2014, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals II

Vete2015, Anatomy of the Domestic Animals III

Vete4018, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics II

Vete4023, Small Animal Surgery I

Vete4024, Small Animal Surgery II

Vete4085, Clinical and Laboratory Diagnostics I

Vete4096, Farm Animal Reproduction I

Vete4097, Farm Animal Reproduction II

Vete4105, Pharmacology, Pharmacotherapy and Toxicology I

Vete4112, Surgery Techniques and Topographical Anatomy I

Vete4113, Surgery Techniques and Topographical Anatomy II

Vete6022, Physiology I

Vete6023, Physiology II

Course abstract

Small animal reproduction is a part of veterinary medicine's andrology and gynecology, which investigates dogs, cats, and other small animals physiology, pathology and reproduction's specifics.
Accomplishes the examination of reproductive organs as well as their anatomic and physiologic peculiaritys, research in cases of desease, sets the diagnosis and executes the appropriate treatments. It researches peculiarities and pathology of fertilization, pregnancy, puerperal and postnatal. Solve the problems of fertility. Provides students with the knowledge of the latest principles and methods of diagnostics, treatment and prophilaxes. This science is well developed and very widespread in the world.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Knowledge about small animal andrology and gynecology include knowledge on male and female reproduction system anatomy, physiology, neurohumoral regulation, processes of fertilization, pregnancy and peri-partal period as well as diseases diagnostics and treatment ; Assessment of knowledge with a written quiz.
Skills to recognize and interpret pathological processes of the reproductive organs functions; Skills are evaluated after completing the tasks specified in the practical work.
Competence: in accordance with the acquired knowledge and skills independently and in groups to analyze and evaluate animal infertility problems.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Introduction. Female anatomy of genital organs. Hormonal sex cycle regulation, sex hormones; Puberty, the peculiarities of the first sexual cycle; Sexual Cycle Peculiarities for Dogs, Cats. Ovulation detection methods. Case analysis. Vaginal Smear Preparation Practical Work. - 2 h lectures, 2 practical works.
2. Pregnancy physiology for dogs, cats. Preparation of animals for pregnancy - vaccination, wiping, for flea treatment. Medicines during pregnancy. Pregnancy diagnosis - hormonal tests, palpation, ultrasonography, X-rays. Animal nutrition during pregnancy. Pregnancy pathology - resorption, abortion, infections, premature birth. 2 h lectures, 2 practical works.
3. Physiology of birth, the diagnosis and management of a problem with normal and difficult birth - Medical and surgical treatment of dystocia. Requirements for anaesthetic agents during cesarean section; Postpartum diseases. Newborn care and intensive care. Physiological peculiarities of the newborn. Newborn diseases. Newborns' keeping, feeding peculiarities, weight. 3 h lectures.
4. Female animal genital examination. Morphogenesis, normal anatomy and pathology. Vagina, Vestibulum, Vulva - Diseases and Therapy. Uterine diseases, congenital pathologies. Cystic endometrial hyperplasia. Pyometra, modern therapies. Medication therapy. Surgical treatment. Mycometra, hydrometra. Endometritis. Uterine tumors. Case analysis. 3 h lectures, 1 practical work.
5. Ovarian Disease. Ovarian cysts. Ovarian tumors. Sustained ovarian syndrome. Other ovarian diseases. - 1h lecture.
6. Anatomy of mammary glands and physiology of lactation. Mastitis. Milk gland tumors. Diagnosis and treatment options. Fibroadenomatosis for cats. False pregnancy for bitches. Case analysis. - 2 h lectures, 1 practical work.
7. Contraception options - Surgical and medication methods. Sterilization and castration for dogs and cats. Choosing the right time. Postoperative complications. Hormone therapy in the reproduction of small animals. Reproductive diseases and hormone therapy. Medicinal abortions for bitches and queens. Case analysis. 3 h lectures, 2 practical works.
8. Reproduction peculiarities for male animals. Reproductive tract investigation possibilities. Infertility. Prostate illness - benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatic and paraprostatic cysts. Prostate tumors. Cryptorchidism. Other male animal’s reproductive tract diseases and therapies. Semen collection and choice of AI. - 3 h lectures, 2 practical works.
9. Application of visual diagnostics in reproduction of small animals - 1h lecture. Written test.

Requirements for awarding credit points

Successfully completed test.
Lecture attendance more than 70 % and practical work attendance 100%.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Students’ independent works are evaluated in discussion accordance with the tasks of the practical works.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Student skills are assessed in accordance with the procedures specified in the tasks of the practical work.
The study course test is evaluated in accordance with the criteria of the 10 point system scale indicated in the LLU Study Regulations.

Compulsory reading

1. Canine and Feline Theriogenology. Shirley D.Johnston, Margaret V. Root Kustritz, Patricia N.S. Olson W.B. Philadelphia: Saunders company, 2001. 2. Greer M.L. Canine reproduction and neonatalogy. Union States: Teton NewMedia. 2015.

Further reading

1. BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Reproduction and Neonatology. BSAVA British Small Animal Veterinary Association. G. England, A. von Heimendahl,(Editors), 2011. (VMF informācijas centrā) 2. Chenoweth P.J., Lorton St.P. Animal andrology: theories and applications. UK: CAB International 2014. (VMF informācijas centrā).

Periodicals and other sources

1., suggested reading in small animal reproduction


Free choice study course in Veterinary medicine. Practicals in laboratory groups.