Course code LauZ5142

Credit points 5

Plant Eco-physiology

Total Hours in Course200

Number of hours for lectures32

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes32

Number of hours for laboratory classes16

Independent study hours120

Date of course confirmation27.09.2011

Responsible UnitInstitute of Soil and Plant Science

Course developer

author Augsnes un augu zinātņu institūts

Ina Alsiņa

Dr. biol.

Course abstract

The course enable the students to understand the influence of various environmental factors on plant growth, yield formation, possibilities to influence yield quality, clarify the influence of stressors’ damage on physiological processes in plants, possibilities to reduce these damage and repair mechanisms.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Master students gain a knowledge of the impact of environmental conditions on plant growth and development. Students are able to determine the most important physiological parameters of plants and the influence of limiting external environmental conditions.
Students are able to evaluate the factors affecting and limiting the ontogenesis of plants, understand their impact on crops. They area able to organize experiments related to the study of environmental conditions.
Students can evaluate factors effecting accumulation, transformation and degradation of organic matter, are competent to analyse the effect of different factors on the plants.

Course Content(Calendar)

1. Connections in cells, tissues and between different plant organs
2. Temperature, its effect on plants.
3. Effect of visible light on plants.
4. UV and radiation, its effect on plants.
5. Water uptake and effects on plants.
6. The organism as osmotic systems.
7. Ion stress.
8. Effect of gas composition on plants.
9. Interaction of living beings in phytocenoses.
10. Plant-animal interaction.
11. The role of microorganisms in plant life.
12. Plant interrelations in phytocenoses.
13. Anthropogenic effects on plants.
14. Possibilities of increasing plant resistance and tolerance
15. Plant adaptation.

16. Ontogenesis of plants, factors influencing them.

Requirements for awarding credit points

During the semester - tests on certain topics. At the end - exam.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

Reports of laboratory works and explanation of the obtained results. Independent work in preparation for tests.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

Working out and explanation of laboratory works-25 %
Successfully written tests- 25%

Exam-50%

Compulsory reading

1. Lambers H., Pons T. L, Chapin F.S. Plant Physiological Ecology, 2nd Revised edition, Springer-Verlag New York Inc., 2008. 640 p.
2. Ieviņš Ģ. Augu fizioloģija. Funkcijas un mijiedarbība ar vidi. Rīga: LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 2016. 607 lpp.
3. Physiological plant ecology Ecophysiology and stress physiology of functional groups /Larcher,1995.
4. Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Edited by Mohammad Pessarakli. New York etc. : Dekker, 1995. 1004 p.
5. Scott P. Physiology and Behaviour of Plants. Chichester, England ; $a Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2008. 303 p.

6. Березина Н.А., Афанасьева Н.Б. Экология растений. Москва: Академия, 2009. 400 с.

Further reading

1. Abiotic Stresses in Agroecology: A Challenge for Whole Plant Physiology, Mauro Centritto ; Alison H. Kingston - Smith ; Urs Feller, 2017
2. Plant stress biology : from genomics to systems biology / edited by Heribert Hirt.2009

3. Plant Growth and Regulation - Alterations to Sustain Unfavorable Conditions Hamim ; Diah Ratnadewi, 2018

Periodicals and other sources

1. AgroTops. Rīga: Aģentūra Agro apgāds. ISSN 1407-5164.
2. Nature. ISSN 0028-0836. EISSN 1476-4687. Piejams:http://www.nature.com/nature/index.html