Course code LauZ3142

Credit points 2

Animal Husbandry II

Total Hours in Course32

Number of hours for lectures16

Number of hours for seminars and practical classes16

Date of course confirmation18.04.2011

Responsible UnitInstitute of Animal Science

Course developers

author Dzīvnieku zinātņu institūts

Aiga Nolberga-Trūpa

Dr. agr.

author Dzīvnieku zinātņu institūts

Elita Aplociņa

Mg. agr.

author Dzīvnieku zinātņu institūts

Dace Bārzdiņa

Mg. agr.

Course abstract

Students have been introduced with importance of animal husbandry in national economic, characterization of branch and development perspectives in Latvia. Students get knowledge in species and breed of domestic animals, their forming history, different animal breeding technologies, methods of estimation of productivity, organization of pedigree recording system.

Learning outcomes and their assessment

Students get knowledge of the different species of livestock and poultry biological traits, breeding and feeding technologies, animal products and quality feeding technologies, animal products and quality assurance principles. Successful passed tests.
Students have skills to evaluate of appropriate farming technologies for different species and groups livestock and poultry, to fill out the required documents, to evaluate the indices of product quality. Successful passed practical works and independent works.
After completing of course students are competent to assess to conformity of livestock and poultry for production, to evaluate the applied breeding technologies, to indicate a livestock holder to the mistakes in documentation and production of high quality animal products. Successful passed final test.

Course plan

Kursa plāns/saturs / Course plan
1. The situation in poultry farming in Latvia. National economy of poultry. Constitution and exterior.
2. Origin of poultry. Breeds and types classification of poultry. The most suitable breeds of poultry, crosses for egg and meat production. Determination of the sex and age of the bird.
3. Welfare requirements of poultry. Methods of keeping laying hens and broilers. Characteristics of biological and economical features (growth, fertility, laying intensity etc.).
4. Peculiarities of poultry nutrition. Feedstuffs and feed supplements and their use in poultry feeding. Principles of nutrition rationing. Quality of eggs using in incubation and food.
5. Quality of poultry meat.
6. Poultry organism and external environment.
7. Characteristics of the goat breeding sector in Latvia. The economic importance of goat farming. Biological features of goats.
8. Goat breeds in the World and Latvia. Goat's exterior. Selection.
9. Goat farms. Goat management and care. Peculiarities of goat and kid nutrition.
10. Goat's milk and dairy products. Factors affecting the milk productivity. Monitoring and evaluation of milk productivity.

Requirements for awarding credit points

To ensure access to QA test with a mark, students have to comply with course requirements, i.e. certain amount of classwork, tests, practical work and independent work in accordance with course cpecification have to be evaluated positively.

Description of the organization and tasks of students’ independent work

During each practical work, students receive individual tasks that need to be performed and defended. On goat issues there is one independent work (analysis and presentation of a scientific article), and one independent work (compilation of a crossword dough) that needs to be completed.
In practical work in poultry students perform 3 independent tasks, which are placed in e-studies and perform a theoretical and practical work test in e-studies. In practical work in sheep breeding students perform 2 independent tasks, which are placed in e-studies and perform a practical work test in e-studies.

Criteria for Evaluating Learning Outcomes

In the study course on poultry issues, a successful evaluated in the test, if at least 40% of the questions have positive answers. The developed practical works are evaluated by: 3 independent works (each is evaluated by 20%) and test by 40%. On goat issues there is evaluated 1st independent work with one mark (30%), 2nd independent work is evaluated with one mark (10%), the final test is evaluated with 2 marks (30% + 30%). On sheep issues successful evaluation in a sheep breeding section if at least 40% of the questions have positive answers. The developed practical works are evaluated by: 2 independent works (each is evaluated with 30%) and test 40%. Average grade on poultry, goat and sheep issues is calculated. Course Animal Husbandry II final test - mark is calculated as the weighted average of all test scores. The final assessment takes into account the final assessment obtained in the study course Animal Husbandry I.

Compulsory reading

1. Pieci B. un Pieci L. Vistkopība. Zvaigzne ABC, 2011. 95 lpp.
2. Latvietis J. Lopbarība. SIA Latvijas Lauku konsultāciju un izglītības centrs. Ozolnieki. 2013. 308 lpp.
3. Grīslis Z., Garkāvijs F., Sprūžs J. Lopkopība. Rīga, Zvaigzne. 2001. 356 lpp.
4. Ozola E., Līkopa M., Nudiens J. Putnkopība. Rīga. Zvaigzne. 1990. 295 lpp.
5. Piliena K., Sprūžs J. Kazkopība. Talsi. 2007. 100.lpp.
6. Kīnemanis H. Kazkopība. Zvaigzne. 2011. 96. lpp.
7. Kazkopības rokasgrāmata. Elektroniski pieejams: http://www.file//C://Documents%20and%20 Settings/User/My%20Documents/Downloads/kazkopiba_gramata.pdf
8. Norvele G., Kairiša D. Rokasgrāmata aitu audzētājiem. Viļāni:SILF Viļānu tipogrāfija “Renovata”, 2006. 96. lpp. Elektroniski pieejams: http://www.
9. Norvele G., Neilands J., Matisāns E. Aitkopība. Rīga: LLU Ulbrokas zinātnes centrs. 2001. 303. lpp.
10. Modern Livestock&Poultry Production 9th Edition: by Frank Flanders, James R. Gillespie. 2015. 1152 p.
11. Broiler Signals Perfect Paperback: by Koos van Middelkoop Maarten de Gussem. 2013. 120 p.
12. Goat Farming Technical Manual. Available electronically:
13. Pollott G., Trevor Wilson R. Sheep and goats for diverse products and profits. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division, Rome. 2009. 42 p.

Further reading

1. Ciltsdarba programma Latvijā audzētām piena šķirņu kazām 2016 – 2025. gadam. Elektroniski pieejams: http://www.
2. Ciltsdarba programma Būru šķirnes kazām 2016 – 2025. gadam.
3. Ciltsdarba programma aitkopībā. Elektroniski pieejams:
• 4. Poultry Nutrition and Feeding; by G.M. Pesti, R.I.Bakalli, J.P. Driver, A. Atencio. 2005. 452 p. ISBN-10: 141207536X.

Periodicals and other sources

1. Saimnieks. Rīga: TEE Bio, ISSN 1691-1598
2. Agrotops. Rīga: Aģentūra Agro apgāds, ISSN 1407-5164.
3. Latvijas Lopkopis. Latvijas Lopkopis. Ozolnieki. LLKC. Apgāds.
4. Dzīvā sēta. Lauku Avīzes Tematiskā avīze. Nr.1 (174), ISSN: 1407- 4338. Rīga. 2010. 62.lpp.
5. Praktiskais Latvietis. Latvijas Mediji. ISSN 14073358.
6. Приусадебное хозяйство. Москва: Сельская новь.
7. Poultry Science. Oxford Academic, ISSN: 0032-5791.
8. Poltry International. ISSN:1682-8356.
9. Poultry World. Available electronically: Magazine
10. Small Ruminant Research. Available electronically:


Animal Husbandry II